Article

Preoperative docetaxel/cisplatin/5-fluorouracil chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced gastro-esophageal adenocarcinoma.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami, 1475 NW 12th Ave St, Miami, FL 3300, USA.
Medical Oncology (Impact Factor: 2.06). 10/2011; 29(3):1707-10. DOI: 10.1007/s12032-011-0093-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Perioperative chemotherapy plus surgery improves survival compared to surgery alone in GE junctional (GEJ) and gastric adenocarcinomas. The docetaxel/cisplatin/5-fluorouracil (DCF) combination is superior to CF in patients with metastatic gastric cancer. We retrospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of preoperative DCF chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced gastric and GEJ cancer. Twenty-one gastric and 10 gastroesophageal junctional (GEJ) cancer patients received 2-3 cycles of preoperative docetaxel 75 mg/m(2) and cisplatin 75 mg/m(2) on day 1, 5-FU 750 mg/m(2) (continuous infusion) on days 1-5 every 3 weeks. Clinical response was evaluated by comparing pre- and postchemotherapy CT scans. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated from the initiation of chemotherapy. None of the patients achieved complete clinical remission while 11 (35%) patients achieved partial clinical remission. Ten patients with GEJ cancer (100%) and 13 with gastric cancer (62%) underwent curative surgery (P = 0.023). Seventeen (55%) patients experienced grade 3-4 chemotherapy-related adverse events. The most common adverse events were anemia, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea, and febrile neutropenia. At a median follow-up of 17.0 months, median OS and PFS were 26.1 months (95% CI: 22.7-29.5) and 18.8 months (95% CI: 9.9-27.7), respectively. The DCF regimen is active in patients with gastric and GEJ adenocarcinoma in the preoperative setting.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
120 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the clinical efficacy and toxic effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy using docetaxel combined with oxaliplatin and fluorouracil for treating stage III/IV gastric cancer. A total of 53 stage III/IV gastric cancer patients were enrolled into the study and treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Two of the cases were excluded. The program was as follows: 75 mg/m(2) docetaxel and 85 mg/m(2) oxaliplatin on day 1 and 1500 mg/m(2) fluorouracil on days 1 to 3 for three weeks. The tumour changes, postoperative remission rate, changes in the symptoms and adverse reactions were observed. The overall clinical efficacy (complete remission + partial remission) of the neoadjuvant chemotherapy was 62.7%. R0 radical resection was performed on 60.8% of the patients, with a remission rate (pathological complete response + pathological subtotal response + pathological partial response) of 74.2%. The Karnofksy score improved in 42 cases. The toxicity reactions mostly included myelosuppression, followed by gastrointestinal mucosal lesions, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisting of docetaxel combined with oxaliplatin and fluorouracil is effective for stage III/IV gastric cancer. However, the treatment is associated with a high incidence of bone marrow suppression, which should be managed clinically.
    World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 12/2014; 20(48):18413-9.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively compared preoperative docetaxel, cisplatin, and fluorouracil (DCF) with cisplatin and fluorouracil (CF) in patients with esophageal cancer. The study included patients with advanced thoracic esophageal carcinoma (excluding T4 tumors) receiving preoperative chemotherapy. In the DCF group, five patients received two courses of treatment every 4 weeks, and 33 patients received three courses every 3 weeks. In the CF group, 38 patients received two courses of treatment every 4 weeks. Patients underwent curative surgery 4-5 weeks after completing chemotherapy. Patient demographic characteristics did not differ between the two study groups. The incidence of a grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicity was significantly higher in the DCF group (33 patients) than in the CF group (five patients; P < 0.001). Curative resection was accomplished in 79% of patients in the DCF group and 66% in the CF group (P = 0.305). There were no in-hospital deaths. The incidence of perioperative complications did not differ between the groups. A grade 2 or 3 histological response was attained in a significantly higher proportion of patients in the DCF group (63%) than in the CF group (5%; P < 0.001). Progression-free survival and overall survival were significantly higher in the DCF group (P = 0.013, hazard ratio 0.473; P = 0.001, hazard ratio 0.344). In conclusion, a grade 3 or 4 hematologic toxicity was common in the DCF group but was managed by supportive therapy. Histological response rate, progression-free survival, and overall survival were significantly higher in the DCF group compared with the CF group.
    Diseases of the Esophagus 02/2014; · 2.06 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adding docetaxel to the cisplatin/5-fluorouracil induction regimen for locally advanced esophageal and GEJ cancer may increase the pathologic complete remission (pCR) rate, leading to an improved outcome. Institutional ethics committee approved the protocol of retrospective analysis of patients with locally advanced esophageal and GEJ carcinoma, who received 2-3 cycles of docetaxel, cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (DCF) induction chemotherapy with primary growth factors and prophylactic antibiotics. Following chemotherapy, a restaging scan was performed. If disease was deemed resectable, surgery was performed. Between February 2010 and October 2013, 31 patients received induction DCF. Ninety-four percent patients had squamous histology. Response rate was 81 %: complete remission (CR)-23 % and partial remission-58 %. Eighty-seven percent patients underwent surgery; R0 resection rate was 67 %. pCR occurred in 26 %. Common grade 3/4 toxicities included anemia-23 %, neutropenia-42 %, febrile neutropenia-39 %, diarrhea-39 %, hyponatremia-55 % and hypokalemia-39 %. There were no toxic deaths. At a median follow-up of 34 months (95 % CI 31.3-36.6), estimated median progression-free survival (PFS) was 27 months (95 % CI 11-39) and the overall survival (OS) at 1 year, 2 years and 3 years was 80, 68 and 55 %, respectively. Patients who attained pCR had a significant longer PFS and OS; median PFS and OS were not reached in patients with pCR and were 15 months (95 %CI 8.4-21.5 months), P = 0.012 and 25 months (95 %CI 10.3-39.7), P = 0.023, respectively, in patients who did not attain a pCR. DCF induction chemotherapy leads to pCR of 26 %, which rivals that obtained from chemoradiotherapy. Toxicity is substantial but manageable with adequate supportive care.
    Medical Oncology 09/2014; 31(9):188. · 2.06 Impact Factor