Nasolabial cysts are interesting, relatively uncommon benign extraosseous maxillary lesions. We review current knowledge about epidemiology, symptoms, imaging modalities, pathogenesis, histopathologic and ultrastructural features, treatment options, and prognosis. Nasolabial cyst lining epithelium is characteristically composed of a basal layer of cuboidal cells and a luminal layer of columnar secretory cells with interspersed mucous goblet cells. In addition, areas of multilayered epithelium and squamous metaplasia may be seen. The cyst stroma is characterized by collagen-rich fibrovascular tissue with variably admixed chronic inflammatory cells. Furthermore, to our knowledge, we report the first example of immunohistochemical protein expression profiling of nasolabial cyst lining epithelium, discovering that basal layer cells express p63 and cytokeratin 5/6, while goblet cells express MUC-2 and MUC-5AC mucins, supporting the notion that nasolabial cysts can be understood as hamartomatous, locally expansile remnants of distal nasolacrimal duct development.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nodular fasciitis is a benign, reactive, proliferative spindle-cell lesion, usually located at the subcutaneous tissues or muscle fascia. Clinically, it manifests as a soft-tissue mass with well-defined margins and fixed to the adjacent structures. Because of its rapid growth rate, rich cellularity and relatively high mitotic activity, nodular fasciitis is sometimes misdiagnosed as a sarcoma. Accurate diagnosis is based only on histopathological examination. A rare case of nodular fasciitis of the buccal mucosa in a 50-year-old female patient is presented.
Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery: official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery 07/2011; 39(5):340-2. DOI:10.1016/j.jcms.2010.04.014 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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