Factors Affecting Return to Work After Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Surgery in a Large French Cohort
ABSTRACT To evaluate occupational outcomes after surgical release of the median nerve in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).
Retrospective study 12 to 24 months after surgery.
Hand centers (N=3) in 2 different areas.
Patients who had undergone surgical release of the median nerve in 2002 to 2003.
Duration of sick leave after surgery and associated factors were analyzed by using bivariate (log rank) and multivariate analyses of survival (Cox model).
Questionnaires mailed in 2004 regarding medical condition (history and surgery), employment (occupational category codes in 1 digit), and compensation were returned (N=1248; 62%), with 253 men and 682 women stating they were employed at the time of surgery (N=935). Most were working at the time of the study (n=851; 91.0%). Median duration of sick leave before returning to work was 60 days. The main factors associated with adverse occupational outcome (long duration of sick leave) were simultaneous intervention for another upper-extremity musculoskeletal disorder, belief (by the patient) in an occupational cause, and "blue-collar worker" occupational category (the strongest determinant).
This study emphasizes the multifactorial nature of the occupational outcome of CTS after surgery, including occupational category. The probability of return to work for each risk factor provides a fair description of prognosis for physicians and patients.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Wrist and wrist-palm measurements have been associated with the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. We found no reported study about how this correlation affects the outcome after surgery. We investigated the role of the measurements in predicting outcome after open carpal tunnel release. A total of 131 patients (88 female, 43 male) responded to our postal questionnaire using the Boston Carpal Tunnel assessment (65% response rate) at a minimum of 9 months post-operatively. Symptom and functional scores showed a strong correlation. There was no statistical difference in the outcome between wrist ratio (≥0.7 vs <0.7), wrist-palm ratio (≥0.41 vs <0.41) and gender, but a better functional score was very weakly correlated with a higher wrist ratio. A very large study would be needed to show any statistical correlation between both measurement and outcome.02/2014; 40(2). DOI:10.1177/1753193414523900
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Introduction Surgery of the forefoot including the hallux involves procedures on one bone or more. Usually bone union occurs within 45 days after surgery. During convalescence, the patient can gradually return to his/her activities. The duration of sick leave (SL) can be used to evaluate the influence of convalescence on professional life. The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of the socioprofessional category (SPC) on the duration of SL after surgery of the forefoot including the hallux. Patients and methods This was a single center, single surgeon prospective cohort study performed between January 2012 and March 2013. It included working patients over 18 who underwent hallux surgery associated or not with surgery of the lateral rays. A standardized questionnaire was filled out during the postoperative day 45 consultation to determine factors that could influence the duration of sick leave. Regression models (Cox model) were used to indentify variables associated with the duration of sick leave. Results Among the operated patients, 102 were included and divided into 5 SPC. SL lasted a mean 45 days (from 8 to 90 days). The only predictive factors for the duration of SL on multivariate analysis using SPC 2 as a reference were SPC and the VAS (Visual Analogue Scale). The mean duration of SL was 15 days for SPC 2, 35 days for SPC 3, 47 days for SPC 4, 50 days for SPC 5 and 67 days for SPC 6. Discussion–Conclusion The distribution of SPC was comparable to that of the working population in the Île de France. The SPC appears to be a predictive factor for the duration of SL after hallux surgery. Severe pain seems to increase the duration of SL. Surgeons and patients should be informed accordingly. Level of evidence Level IV.Orthopaedics & Traumatology Surgery & Research 10/2014; 100(6). DOI:10.1016/j.otsr.2014.05.011 · 1.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background The assessment of post-surgical outcomes among patients with Workers’ Compensation is challenging as their results are typically worse compared to those who do not receive this compensation. These patients’ time to return to work is a relevant outcome measure as it illustrates the economic and social implications of this phenomenon. In this meta-analysis we aimed to assess the influence of this factor, comparing compensated and non-compensated patients. Findings Two authors independently searched MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), CINAHL, Google Scholar, LILACS and the Cochrane Library and also searched for references from the retrieved studies. We aimed to find prospective studies that compared carpal tunnel release and elective rotator cuff surgery outcomes for Workers’ Compensation patients versus their non-compensated counterparts. We assessed the studies’ quality using the Guyatt & Busse Risk of Bias Tool. Data collection was performed to depict included studies characteristics and meta-analysis. Three studies were included in the review. Two of these studies assessed the outcomes following carpal tunnel release while the other focused on rotator cuff repair. The results demonstrated that time to return to work was longer for patients that were compensated and that there was a strong association between this outcome and compensation status - Standard Mean Difference, 1.35 (IC 95%; 0.91-1.80, p < 0.001). Conclusions This study demonstrated that compensated patients have a longer return to work time following carpal tunnel release and elective rotator cuff surgery, compared to patients who did not receive compensation. Surgeons and health providers should be mindful of this phenomenon when evaluating the prognosis of a surgery for a patient receiving compensation for their condition. Type of study/level of evidence Meta-analysis of prospective Studies/ Level IIIPatient Safety in Surgery 01/2013; 7(1):1. DOI:10.1186/1754-9493-7-1