Proper management and follow-up strategy of branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas.
ABSTRACT It has been reported that main duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms are more invasive and have a worse prognosis than branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. Therefore, an aggressive surgical approach has mainly been recommended for all MD-IPMNs. However, the surgical management of BD-IPMNs has been controversial and the consensus guidelines are not specific for an indicator of malignancy in BD-IPMNs. The objective of this study was to determine the proper management and follow-up strategy of BD-IPMNs.
We monitored and analysed patients with presumed BD-IPMNs between March 1995 and March 2010.
The mean value of the initial cyst size in all patients with BD-IPMNs was 2.19 cm. Amongst 194 patients with BD-IPMNs, 34 underwent immediate surgical resection, 152 were followed conservatively. Amongst the 152 conservatively managed patients, 18 (11.8%) underwent surgical resection after a median follow-up of 12.7 months (range, 3-48 months). In 132 patients who were managed conservatively without surgery, the mean incremental rate of cyst size growth was 0.0038 cm/month during a median of 30.7 months of follow-up and there were no IPMN-related deaths.
Amongst patients with BD-IPMNs, about 10% have surgery within approximately 1 year from the time of diagnosis because of the occurrence of new malignant stigmata. Therefore, a conservative approach without surgery and careful follow-up every 3 months or 6 months during the first year after diagnosis can be safely advocated in patients with BD-IPMNs larger than 10mm in size who have no risk factors for malignant IPMNs.
- SourceAvailable from: Adriana Romiti[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Some authors have suggested that intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the bile duct (IPMN-B) could be the the biliary counterpart of IPMN of the pancreas (IPMN-P) since they share several clinical-pathological features. These include prominent intraductal papillary proliferation pattern, a gastrointestinal phenotype, frequent mucin hyper-secretion and progression to mucinous carcinoma. To date there are just four reported cases of patients with synchronous IPMN-B and IPMN-P all of which were treated surgically. We hereby report the case of a 76-year-old woman who was incidentally diagnosed with both an asymptomatic 3 cm bulky fluid lesion obstructing the bile duct lumen, diagnosed as a malignant IPMN-B, and synchronous multiple pancreatic cystic lesions (10-13 mm) communicating with an irregular Wirsung, diagnosed as branch duct IPMN-P. Since surgery was ruled-out because of the patient's age and preferences, she underwent a conservative management regimen comprising both chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This was effective in decreasing the mass size and in resolving subsequent jaundice. This is also the first reported case of IPMN-B successfully treated with chemoradiotherapy. Clinicians should consider medical treatment as an option in this clinical scenario, in patients who may be unfit for surgery.World journal of gastrointestinal oncology. 02/2012; 4(2):22-5.