Discovery of N-Aryl-2-acylindole human glucagon receptor antagonists
Discovery and Preclinical Sciences, Merck Research Laboratories, Rahway, NJ 07065, USA.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (Impact Factor: 2.42). 12/2011; 21(23):7124-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.09.105
A novel class of N-aryl-2-acylindole human glucagon receptor (hGCGR) antagonists is reported. These compounds demonstrate good pharmacokinetic profiles in multiple preclinical species. One compound from this series, indole 33, is orally active in a transgenic murine pharmacodynamic model. Furthermore, a 1mg/kg oral dose of indole 33 lowers ambient glucose levels in an ob/ob/hGCGR transgenic murine diabetes model. This compound was deemed suitable for preclinical safety studies and was found to be well tolerated in an 8-day experimental rodent tolerability study. The combination of preclinical efficacy and safety observed with compound 33 highlights the potential of this class as a treatment for type 2 diabetes.
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ABSTRACT: The endocrine hormone glucagon stimulates hepatic glucose output via its action at the glucagon receptor (GCGr) in the liver. In the diabetic state, dysregulation of glucagon secretion contributes to abnormally elevated hepatic glucose output. The inhibition of glucagon-induced hepatic glucose output via antagonism of the GCGr using small-molecule ligands is a promising mechanism for improving glycemic control in the diabetic state. Clinical data evaluating the therapeutic potential of small-molecule GCGr antagonists is currently emerging. Recently disclosed clinical data demonstrates the potential efficacy and possible therapeutic limitations of small-molecule GCGr antagonists. Recent pre-clinical work on the development of GCGr antagonists is also summarized. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 08/2015; 25(19). DOI:10.1016/j.bmcl.2015.07.092 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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