Heterogeneity in longitudinal evolution of ring-enhancing multiple sclerosis lesions.
Annals of Neurology (impact factor: 11.09). 10/2011; 70(4):668-9; author reply 669-70. DOI:10.1002/ana.22622
Article: Correlation between magnetic resonance imaging findings and lesion development in chronic, active multiple sclerosis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging is a highly sensitive method for the detection of the lesions of multiple sclerosis and renders possible the study and the evolution of early lesions. Previous reports on magnetic resonance imaging following gadolinium-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) injection demonstrated that new lesions can be recognized by contrast enhancement. The pathological basis of these observations is uncertain. We have had the opportunity to study at autopsy the brain of a patient with chronic progressive multiple sclerosis who suffered acute worsening leading to death. Magnetic resonance imaging performed 10 days and 4 weeks prior to death showed new Gd-DTPA-enhanced lesions in the posterior hemispheric white matter adjacent to the lateral ventricles. Light microscopic examination of these areas demonstrated them to be fresh lesions comprising intense inflammatory activity and dense perivascular cuffs within an edematous lesion center and a striking parenchymal mononuclear cell infiltration at the margins of the lesions. Lesions that were demonstrated by increased signal on T2-weighted images, but were not enhanced following administration of Gd-DTPA, were all of the chronic type, either inactive or active. None of these showed the intense inflammatory activity of the acute lesions and most displayed fibrous astrogliosis.Annals of Neurology 12/1993; 34(5):661-9. · 11.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions develop around small, inflamed veins. New lesions enhance with gadolinium on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), reflecting disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Single time point results from pathology and standard MRI cannot capture the spatiotemporal expansion of lesions. We investigated the development and expansion of new MS lesions, focusing on the dynamics of BBB permeability. We performed dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI in relapsing-remitting MS. We obtained data over 65 minutes, during and after gadolinium injection. We labeled spatiotemporal enhancement dynamics as centrifugal when initially central enhancement expanded outward and centripetal when initially peripheral enhancement gradually filled the center. We detected 34 enhancing lesions in 200 DCE-MRI scans. In 65%, enhancement first appeared as a closed ring; in 18%, as a nodule; and in 18%, as an open ring. Lesions with initially nodular enhancement were smaller than those initially enhancing as rings (p < 0.0001). All initially nodular lesions enhanced centrifugally, whereas initially ringlike lesions enhanced centripetally, becoming nodular if small (82%) or nearly nodular if larger (18%). Open-ring lesions were periventricular or juxtacortical and enhanced centripetally. Centrifugally enhancing lesions evolved into centripetally enhancing lesions over several days. The rapid change of enhancement dynamics from centrifugal to centripetal reflects the outward growth of MS lesions around their central vein and suggests that factors mediating lesion growth and tissue repair derive from different locations at different times. We propose a model of new lesion growth that unites our imaging observations with existing pathology data.Annals of Neurology 05/2011; 70(1):22-9. · 11.09 Impact Factor
Article: The topography of plaques in multiple sclerosis with special reference to cerebral plaques.Acta neurologica Scandinavica. Supplementum 02/1965; 15:1-161.
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