Traumatic Aneurysm on the Posterior Cerebral Artery Following Blunt Trauma in a 14-Year-Old Girl: Case Report
ABSTRACT A 13-year-old girl sufferring from a car accident presented with a symptom of oculomotor nerve palsy. A CT scan revealed diffuse SAH in the suprasellar cistern, cisterna ambiens and interpeduncular cistern. MRI showed contusion of the left cerebral peduncle and a flowing void signal in front of the left cerebral peduncle. Cerebral angiography revealed a bilobulated aneurysm on the P1-P2 junction of the left posterior cerebral artery. Endovascular treatment was performed, with coil packing within the aneurysm and occlusion of the parent vessel. There were no neurological deficits and no recurrence of the aneurysm on follow-up studies. Endovascular embolization of traumatic posterior cerebral artery aneurysm is a safe and effective therapeutic approach.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Traumatic intracranial aneurysms (TICAs) have previously been described in literature. However, the evidence of TICAs secondary to blunt brain injury have not been elucidated well, with most of the conclusions coming from isolated case reports. We have attempted to examine the epidemiology, classification, clinical presentation, therapeutic modalities, and outcomes of TICAs with our series of patients at the neurosurgery department of Xuanwu Hospital, China. METHODS: We reviewed our aneurysm database from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2011. In particular, patients with TICAs secondary to blunt brain injury were reviewed. Variables assessed included age, sex, causes of blunt brain injury, skull fracture, location, classification, clinical presentation, time elapsed to arrive at diagnoses, treatment, and eventual outcome. Based on our assessment, we arrived at a modified classification scheme to categorize these aneurysms. RESULTS: We reviewed 2335 patients with cerebral aneurysm from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2011. Of these, 15 patients (0.64 %) with traumatic aneurysms secondary to blunt brain injury were identified.Motor vehicle accidents (MVA) were observed to be the most common cause of injury (10 patients, 66.7 %), followed by TICAs sustained after falling down (5 patients, 33.3 %). The most common symptom at presentation was epistaxis (6 patients, 40 %), followed by ophthalmic problems (6 patients, 40 %), with both presentations seen in 1 patient. The most common diagnostic modality used was DSA in 12 patients (80 %) followed by CTA in 2 patients (13.3 %). Infraclinoid TICAs were seen in 9 patients (60 %), whereas supraclinoid TICAs were seen in 5 patients (33.3 %), with perifalx TICAs seen in 1 patient. Endovascular intervention therapies were performed in 11 patients (73.3 %), bypass surgery and trapping in 2 (13.3 %), transnasal endoscopic approach in combination with balloon assisted in 2 patients. At discharge, 2 patients had poor clinical outcomes (13.3 %), 5 had fair (33.3 %),and 8 resulted with good outcomes (53.3 %). CONCLUSIONS: TICAs arising secondary to blunt brain injury account for 0.64 % of all cerebral aneurysms. Infraclinoid, supraclinoid ICA and perifalx TICAs are the most common aneurysms arising from blunt brain injury. Our study further shows that traumatic patients presenting with recurrent epistaxis, oculomotor nerve palsy, and delayed intracranial hemorrhage should receive cerebroangiography as soon as possible. An early diagnosis and proper treatment could prove to be helpful in terms of improving final clinical outcome.Acta Neurochirurgica 09/2012; DOI:10.1007/s00701-012-1487-x · 1.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms are rare but serious complications of transsphenoidal surgery, and an iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) has been reported just once in the literature. The authors encountered such a case with a new P1 segment PCA pseudoaneurysm after endoscopic transsphenoidal resection of a pituitary adenoma. The aneurysm proved ideal for a novel intracranial-intracranial bypass in which the superior cerebellar artery (SCA) was used as an in situ donor artery to revascularize the recipient P2 segment. The bypass allowed aneurysm trapping without causing ischemic stroke or neurological morbidity. This case represents the first reported surgical treatment of an iatrogenic PCA pseudoaneurysm. Endovascular occlusion with coils was an option, but dolichoectatic morphology requires sacrifice of the P1 segment, with associated risks to the thalamoperforators and circumflex perforators. The SCA-PCA bypass was ideal because of low-flow demands. Like other in situ bypasses, it requires no dissection of extracranial arteries, no second incision for harvesting interposition grafts, and has a high likelihood of long-term patency. The SCA-PCA bypass is also applicable to fusiform SCA aneurysms requiring revascularization with trapping. This case demonstrates a dangerous complication that results from the limited view of the posterolateral surgical field through the endoscope and the imprecision of endoscopic instruments.Journal of Neurosurgery 03/2013; 118(5). DOI:10.3171/2013.2.JNS122250 · 3.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) is being used to identify traumatic intracranial aneurysms (TICA) in patients with findings such as skull fracture and intracranial haemorrhage on initial Computed Tomography (CT) scans after blunt traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, the incidence of TICA in patients with blunt TBI is unknown. The aim of this study is to report the incidence of TICA in patients with blunt TBI and to assess the utility of CTA in detecting these lesions. A 10-year retrospective study (2003-2012) was performed at a Level 1 trauma centre. All patients with blunt TBI who had an initial non-contrasted head CT scan and a follow-up head CTA were included. Head CTAs were then reviewed by a single investigator and TICAs were identified. The primary outcome measure was incidence of TICA in blunt TBI. A total of 10 257 patients with blunt TBI were identified, out of which 459 patients were included in the analysis. Mean age was 47.3 ± 22.5, the majority were male (65.1%) and median ISS was 16 [9-25]. Thirty-six patients (7.8%) had intracranial aneurysm, of which three patients (0.65%) had TICAs. The incidence of traumatic intracranial aneurysm was exceedingly low (0.65%) over 10-years. This study adds to the growing literature questioning the empiric use of CTA for detecting vascular injuries in patients with blunt TBI.Brain Injury 03/2015; 29(5):1-6. DOI:10.3109/02699052.2015.1004559 · 1.86 Impact Factor