Public Health Consequences of State Immigration Laws

Southern medical journal (Impact Factor: 0.93). 11/2011; 104(11):718-9. DOI: 10.1097/SMJ.0b013e318233539b
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Available from: Boadie Dunlop, Sep 28, 2015
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  • Southern medical journal 11/2011; 104(11):720-1. DOI:10.1097/SMJ.0b013e31823353b0 · 0.93 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Using data from the National Latino and Asian American Study collected in 2002-2003 (N = 2,554), we assessed the adjusted odds of lifetime substance use disorder (SUD) associated with report of both unfair treatment and racial/ethnic discrimination. Among men, SUD was increased for those reporting low, moderate, and high levels of unfair treatment compared to those reporting no unfair treatment and patterns were similar for racial/ethnic discrimination. Among women, only those reporting high levels of unfair treatment were at increased risk of lifetime SUD and no associations were observed between racial/ethnic discrimination and lifetime SUD. Future research should examine the role that discrimination plays in the development of substance misuse among Latinos.
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    ABSTRACT: Media accounts on debates around immigration reform in the United States have framed a range of arguments from supporting tougher immigration enforcement to providing amnesty to the large numbers of unauthorized immigrants currently living in the country. The main objective of this article is to discuss the potential social and economic impacts of the Georgia anti-immigration bill House Bill (HB) 87 as framed by newspaper stories leading up to the bill's passage in 2011. The second objective is to examine differences in argument framing of the media coverage between major metropolitan newspapers compared to bilingual (English and Spanish) newspapers in Georgia. The third objective is to report on participant observation of political advocacy meetings held in rural Georgia to advise distressed Latino immigrants about the bill's implications. A content analysis was conducted of four months of newspaper articles from three major metropolitan newspapers and two bilingual newspapers. The metropolitan newspapers were more likely to frame arguments in support of the bill that the federal laws were inadequate to control illegal immigration. The political advocacy meetings framed arguments around the questionable constitutionality of the law and the racial overtones of the legislation (e.g., racial profiling). The implications of these immigration debates for Georgia's current immigration policy are discussed.
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