Complete genome sequence and characterization of the N-acylhomoserine lactone-degrading gene of the potato leaf-associated Solibacillus silvestris
ABSTRACT N-Acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs) are used as quorum-sensing signal molecules by many gram-negative bacteria. We have reported that Solibacillus silvestris, which was isolated from the potato leaf, has AHL-degrading activity. To identify the AHL-degrading gene, whole genome sequencing of S. silvestris StLB046 was performed by using pyrosequencing technology. As the result of the BLAST search, one predicted ORF (ahlS) showed slight similarity to AiiA-like AHL lactonase from Bacillus cereus group. Escherichia coli harboring the ahlS-expressing plasmid showed high AHL-degrading activity. The ahlS-cording region was also amplified by PCR from the other potato leaf-associated and AHL-degrading S. silvestris strains. Purified AhlS as a maltose binding fusion protein showed high AHL-degrading activity and catalyzes AHL ring opening by hydrolyzing lactones. In addition, expression of ahlS in plant pathogen Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum attenuated maceration of the potato slices. Our results suggest that AHL-degrading activity of ahlS might perform useful functions such as useful biocontrol agents.
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ABSTRACT: Microalgae are widely studied for biofuel production, however, current technologies to harvest microalgae for this purpose are not well developed. In this work, a bacterial strain W01 was isolated from activated sludge and identified as Solibacillus silvestris. Bioflocculant in the culture broth of W01 showed 90% flocculating efficiency on marine microalga Nannochloropsis oceanica, and no metal ion was required for the flocculation process. Chemical analysis of the purified bioflocculant indicated that it is a proteoglycan composed of 75.1% carbohydrate and 24.9% protein (w/w). The bioflocculant exhibits no effect on the growth of microalgal cells and can be reused to for economical harvesting of N. oceanica. This is the first report that strain of S. silvestris can produce bioflocculant for microalgae harvest. The novel bioflocculant produced by W01 has the potential to harvest marine microalgae for cost-effective production of microalgal bioproducts.Bioresource Technology 10/2012; DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2012.10.004 · 5.04 Impact Factor
- Bioresources 01/2014; 9(1):316 – 335. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: AHL-lactonase has gained renewed interest due to biotechnological applications such as antiquorum sensing, antibiofilm strategies, biofouling etc. In our study, the production of AHL-lactonase from endophytic bacteria Enterobacter aerogenes VT66 was optimized by response surface methodology (RSM) using central composite design (CCD) for four different cultural conditions. The relative activity of AHL-lactonase was correlated with amplification of aiiA homologous gene amplification with respect to cultural conditions. Statistical analysis by ANOVA of the quadratic regression model showed that the RSM model constructed is highly significant, as indicated by F-test with a low probability value (pmodel <0.0001) and high regression coefficient (0.9997) as well as lower coefficient of variation (1.86%) indicate that suitability of variable parameters. The quadratic regression model of AHL-lactonase production in terms of relative activity was built and the optimal cultural conditions for maximum enzyme production were determined as 32.5 ºC temperature, pH 7.0, 350 µM of substrate concentration and 33 h of incubation time. The enhanced AHL-lactonase yielded 1.33 fold increases in relative activity and it positively correlated with the amplification of aiiA gene.International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 01/2015; 72(2015):1013–1019. DOI:10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.09.049 · 3.10 Impact Factor