Phase II trial of erlotinib and bevacizumab in patients with advanced upper gastrointestinal cancers

Department of Oncology, The Finsen Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Denmark.
Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) (Impact Factor: 3). 02/2012; 51(2):234-42. DOI: 10.3109/0284186X.2011.619568
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Patients with upper gastrointestinal cancers have a poor prognosis and only few treatment options. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are valid targets in many solid tumours, and they have synergistic effects in preclinical studies.
In this multi-center phase II trial patients with chemoresistant, metastatic upper gastrointestinal cancer were treated with erlotinib (150 mg daily) and bevacizumab (10 mg/kg every two weeks). Primary endpoint was overall response rate (ORR). Secondary endpoints were progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), toxicity and biomarker correlates. Plasma samples were analysed for EGFR and angiogenesis related markers using quantitative immunoassays.
One hundred and two patients were enrolled in the trial between June 2006 and October 2007. The most common toxicities were skin reaction, diarrhoea, and fatigue. ORR was 6%, median PFS was 2.2 months, and OS 4.3 months. Low concentration of urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) domain I was correlated to longer PFS and OS.
The combination of erlotinib and bevacizumab is well tolerated, however, with low clinical activity in patients with chemoresistant UGI cancer. Some patients do benefit from the therapy, and uPAR forms are potential biomarkers in these patients.

Download full-text


Available from: Morten Ladekarl, Aug 04, 2014
19 Reads
  • Source
    • "Dickler et al. also showed that the combination of B + E had very limited activity in treating unselected patients with metastatic breast cancer [24]. Similarly, the combination has minimal clinical activity in patients with advanced upper gastrointestinal cancers [25] and recurrent advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck [26]. All the aforementioned studies consistently demonstrated that although B + E was a fairly well tolerated regime, it had minimal clinical activity in various solid malignancies. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background The combination of bevacizumab (B) and erlotinib (E) has shown promising clinical outcomes as the first-line treatment of advanced HCC patients. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of using combination of B + E in treating advanced HCC patients who had failed prior sorafenib treatment. Methods Eligible advanced HCC patients with documented radiological evidence of disease progression with sorafenib treatment were recruited. All patients received bevacizumab(B) at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks with erlotinib(E) at 150 mg daily for a maximum of 6 cycles. Response assessments using both RECIST and modified RECIST criteria were performed after every 6 weeks. The primary endpoint was clinical benefit (CB) rate and a Simon two-stage design was employed. Results The trial was halted in the first stage according to the pre-set statistical criteria with 10 patients recruited. The median age was 47 years (range, 28-61) and all patients were in ECOG performance status 1. Eighty percent of patients were chronic hepatitis B carriers and all patients had Child A cirrhosis. Among these 10 patients, none of the enrolled patients achieved response or stable disease. The median time-to-progression was 1.81 months (95 % confidence interval [C.I.], 1.08-1.74 months) and overall survival was 4.37 months (95 % C.I., 1.08-11.66 months). Rash (70 %), diarrhea (50 %) and malaise (40 %) were the most commonly encountered toxicities. Conclusion The combination of B + E was well tolerated but had no activity in an unselected sorafenib-refractory advanced HCC population. Condensed abstract The combination of bevacizumab and erlotinib had no clinical activity in sorafenib-refractory HCC population.
    Investigational New Drugs 03/2012; 30(6). DOI:10.1007/s10637-012-9808-8 · 2.92 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The plethora of novel molecular-targeted agents (MTAs) has provided an opportunity to selectively target pathways involved in carcinogenesis and tumour progression. Combination strategies of MTAs are being used to inhibit multiple aberrant pathways in the hope of optimizing antitumour efficacy and to prevent development of resistance. While the selection of specific agents in a given combination has been based on biological considerations (including the role of the putative targets in cancer) and the interactions of the agents used in combination, there has been little exploration of the possible enhanced toxicity of combinations resulting from alterations in multiple signalling pathways in normal cell biology. Owing to the complex networks and crosstalk that govern normal and tumour cell proliferation, inhibiting multiple pathways with MTA combinations can result in unpredictable disturbances in normal physiology. This Review focuses on the main toxicities and the lack of tolerability of some common MTA combinations, particularly where evidence of enhanced toxicity compared to either agent alone is documented or there is development of unexpected toxicity. Toxicities caused by MTA combinations highlight the need to introduce new preclinical testing paradigms early in the drug development process for the assessment of chronic toxicities resulting from such combinations.
    Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology 01/2013; 10(3). DOI:10.1038/nrclinonc.2012.245 · 14.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Biliary tract cancer is a rare malignant tumor. Accordingly, to perform prospective and randomized trials is difficult and the knowledge of its natural history and optimal management remains limited. Chemotherapy is commonly used to improve the outcome and to delay tumor progression in advanced disease. Only recently, cisplatin-gemcitabine combination was identified as the new standard first-line therapy. Despite the outcome improvement, disease progression is a constant and approximately half of patients failing upfront treatment maintain a good performance status and are willing to undergo further treatment. No standard salvage chemotherapy regimen has been identified yet. Experiences of salvage therapy in advanced biliary tract cancer are sparse and yielded disappointing results. Well designed multi-institutional randomized trials are warranted to clarify the role and the activity of a second-line therapy.
    Critical reviews in oncology/hematology 06/2013; 88(2). DOI:10.1016/j.critrevonc.2013.05.010 · 4.03 Impact Factor
Show more