Bisphosphonate Use After Estrogen Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer and Risk of Contralateral Breast Cancer

SD, Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute (Impact Factor: 12.58). 12/2011; 103(23):1752-60. DOI: 10.1093/jnci/djr399
Source: PubMed


A growing body of evidence suggests that nitrogenous bisphosphonates may reduce the risk of developing a first breast cancer and may prevent metastases among breast cancer survivors. However, their impact on risk of second primary contralateral breast cancer is uncertain.
Within a nested case-control study among women diagnosed with a first primary estrogen receptor-positive invasive breast cancer at ages 40-79 years, we assessed the association between post-diagnostic bisphosphonate use and risk of second primary contralateral breast cancer. We used multivariable-adjusted conditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) comparing 351 contralateral breast cancer case subjects with 662 control subjects (ie, breast cancer patients not diagnosed with contralateral breast cancer) who were incidence density-matched on county; race/ethnicity; and age at, year of, and stage at first breast cancer diagnosis. We performed sensitivity analyses with respect to bisphosphonate type and confounding by indication. All statistical tests were two-sided.
Current use of any nitrogenous bisphosphonate and use specifically of alendronate were both associated with reduced risks of contralateral breast cancer compared with never use (OR = 0.41, 95% CI = 0.20 to 0.84 and OR = 0.39, 95% CI = 0.18 to 0.88, respectively). The risk of contralateral breast cancer further declined with longer durations of bisphosphonate use among current users (P(trend) = .03). Results were similar in analyses restricted to patients with a history of osteoporosis or osteopenia.
Bisphosphonate use was associated with a substantial reduction in risk of contralateral breast cancer. If this finding is confirmed in additional studies, nitrogenous bisphosphonate therapy may be a feasible approach for contralateral breast cancer risk reduction.

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  • Journal of the National Cancer Institute 12/2011; 103(23):1728-9. DOI:10.1093/jnci/djr441 · 12.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE Bisphosphonates are used for the treatment of bone metastases and have been associated with a lower risk of breast cancer. A recent case-control study showed an inverse association between bisphosphonate use and colorectal cancer. Data from prospective cohorts are lacking. PATIENTS AND METHODS We prospectively examined the relationship between bisphosphonate use and risk of colorectal cancer among 86,277 women enrolled onto the Nurses Health Study (NHS). Since 1998, participants have returned biennial questionnaires in which they were specifically queried about the regular use of bisphosphonates. We used Cox proportional hazards models to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs for risk of colorectal cancer. Results Through 2008, we documented 801 cases of colorectal cancer over 814,406 person-years of follow-up. The age-adjusted HR for women who regularly used bisphosphonates was 0.92 (95% CI, 0.73 to 1.14) and was further attenuated after adjustment for other risk factors (multivariate HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.82 to 1.33). The risk was not influenced by duration of use (P(trend) = 0.79). Compared with nonusers, the multivariate-adjusted HRs of colorectal cancer were 1.24 (95% CI, 0.94 to 1.64) for women with 1 to 2 years of use, 1.16 (95% CI, 0.79 to 1.69) for 3 to 4 years of use, and 0.97 (95% CI, 0.60 to 1.56) for ≥ 5 years of use. There was no association between bisphosphonate use and colorectal cancer within strata of other risk factors. CONCLUSION In a large prospective cohort, we did not observe an association between long-term use of bisphosphonates and risk of colorectal cancer.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 05/2012; 30(26):3229-33. DOI:10.1200/JCO.2011.39.2670 · 18.43 Impact Factor
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