Cytometry for Protozoa Related Diseases

Cytometry Part A (Impact Factor: 2.93). 11/2011; 79(11):885-6. DOI: 10.1002/cyto.a.21156
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Available from: Attila Tárnok, Oct 16, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: The laser dyes oxazine 750 (OX750), LD700, and rhodamine 800 (R800) can be used in an instrument employing a low-power helium-neon laser source for flow cytometry of DNA content in ethanol-fixed or detergent-permeabilized cells. Cells in near-isotonic medium are stained with 10-30 microM dye, and fluorescence excited at 633 nm is measured at wavelengths above 665 nm. The dyes do not appear to stain RNA, and the intensity of DNA staining is not changed when 2 microM Hoechst 33342 is added to cells simultaneously with a red-excited dye. The effects on fluorescence of addition of DNA to LD700 or R800 in aqueous solution are strongly influenced by the base composition of the DNA; binding mechanisms remain to be determined.
    Cytometry 01/1986; 7(1):107-10. DOI:10.1002/cyto.990070118
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    ABSTRACT: Toxoplasma gondii is among the most common protozoan parasites of humans. Both attachment to and invasion of host cells by T. gondii are necessary for infection, yet little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying these processes. T. gondii's etiological importance and its role as a model organism for studying invasion in related parasites necessitate a means to quantitatively assay host cell attachment and invasion. We present here Laser Scanning Cytometer (LSC)-based assays of T. gondii invasion and attachment. The invasion assay involves automated counting of invaded and non-invaded parasites, differentially labeled with distinct fluorochromes. The attachment assay compares the relative binding of differentially labeled parasites. The assays were evaluated using treatments known to decrease invasion or attachment. The LSC-based assays are robust and reproducible, remove operator bias, and significantly increase the sample size that can be feasibly counted compared to other currently available microscope-based methods. In the first application of the new assays, we have shown that parasites attach to fixed and unfixed host cells using different mechanisms. The LSC-based assays represent useful new methods for quantitatively measuring attachment and invasion by T. gondii, and can be readily adapted to study similar processes in other host-pathogen systems.
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