Micro RNA Expression Profiles as Adjunctive Data to Assess the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrence After Liver Transplantation

Department of Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA.
American Journal of Transplantation (Impact Factor: 6.19). 02/2012; 12(2):428-37. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2011.03788.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Donor livers are precious resources and it is, therefore, ethically imperative that we employ optimally sensitive and specific transplant selection criteria. Current selection criteria, the Milan criteria, for liver transplant candidates with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are primarily based on radiographic characteristics of the tumor. Although the Milan criteria result in reasonably high survival and low-recurrence rates, they do not assess an individual patient's tumor biology and recurrence risk. Consequently, it is difficult to predict on an individual basis the risk for recurrent disease. To address this, we employed microarray profiling of microRNA (miRNA) expression from formalin fixed paraffin embedded tissues to define a biomarker that distinguishes between patients with and without HCC recurrence after liver transplant. In our cohort of 64 patients, this biomarker outperforms the Milan criteria in that it identifies patients outside of Milan who did not have recurrent disease and patients within Milan who had recurrence. We also describe a method to account for multifocal tumors in biomarker signature discovery.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The reed vole Microtus fortis is the only mammal known in China in which the growth, development and maturation of schistosomes (Schistosoma japonicum) is prevented. It might be that the anti-schistosomiasis mechanisms of M. fortis associate with microRNA-mediated gene expression, given that the latter has been found to be involved in gene regulation in eukaryotes. In the present study, the difference between pathological changes in tissues of M. fortis and of mice (Mus musculus) post-schistosome infection were observed by using hematoxylin-eosin staining. In addition, microarray technique was applied to identify differentially expressed miRNAs in the same tissues before and post-infection to analyze the potential roles of miRNAs in schistosome infection in these two different types of host. Histological analyses showed that S. japonicum infection in M. fortis resulted in a more intensive inflammatory response and pathological change than in mice. The microarray analysis revealed that 162 miRNAs were expressed in both species, with 12 in liver, 32 in spleen and 34 in lung being differentially expressed in M. fortis. The functions of the differentially expressed miRNAs were mainly revolved in nutrient metabolism, immune regulation, etc. Further analysis revealed that important signaling pathways were triggered after infection by S. japonicum in M. fortis but not in the mice. These results provide new insights into the general mechanisms of regulation in the non-permissive schistosome host M. fortis that exploits potential miRNA regulatory networks. Such information will help improve current understanding of schistosome development and host-parasite interactions.
    PLoS ONE 12/2013; 8(12):e85080. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0085080 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BackgroundLiver transplantation has become an established treatment for cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the Milan criteria are now widely accepted and applied as an indication for deceased donor liver transplantation (DDLT) in Western countries. In contrast, however, due to the severe organ shortage, living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is mainstream in Japan and in other Asian countries.SummaryUnlike DDLT, LDLT is not limited by the restrictions imposed by the nationwide allocation system, and the indication for LDLT in patients with HCC often depends on institutional or case-by-case considerations, balancing the burden on the donor, the operative risk, and the overall survival benefit for the recipient. Accumulating data from a nationwide survey as well as individual center experience indicate that extending the Milan criteria is warranted.Key MessagesWhile the promotion of DDLT should be intensified in Japan and other Asian countries, LDLT will continue to be a mainstay for the treatment of HCC in cirrhotic patients.
    05/2014; 3(2):108-118. DOI:10.1159/000343866
    This article is viewable in ResearchGate's enriched format
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Since their discovery more than a decade ago microRNAs have been demonstrated to have profound effects on almost every aspect of biology. Numerous studies in recent years have shown that microRNAs have important roles in development and in the etiology and progression of disease. This review is focused on microRNAs and the roles they play in liver development, regeneration and liver disease; particularly chronic liver diseases such as alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, viral hepatitis and primary liver cancer. The key microRNAs identified in liver development and chronic liver disease will be discussed together with, where possible, the target messenger RNAs that these microRNAs regulate to profoundly alter these processes.
    The international journal of biochemistry & cell biology 04/2014; 54. DOI:10.1016/j.biocel.2014.04.002 · 4.89 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Jul 30, 2014