[Spatiotemporal changes of potential evapotranspiration in Songnen Plain of Northeast China].
ABSTRACT Based on the daily meteorological data from 72 weather stations from 1961-2003, a quantitative analysis was conducted on the spatiotemporal changes of the potential evapotranspiration in the Plain. The Penman-Monteith model was applied to calculate the potential evapotranspiration; the Mann-Kendall test, accumulative departure curve, and climatic change rate were adopted to analyze the change trend of the evapotranspiration; and the spatial analysis function of ArcGIS was used to detect the spatial distribution of the evapotranspiration. In 1961-2003, the mean annual potential evapotranspiration in the Plain was 330 - 860 mm, and presented an overall decreasing trend, with the high value appeared in southwest region, low value in surrounding areas of southwest region, and a ring-belt increasing southwestward. The climatic change rate of the annual potential evapotranspiration was -0.21 mm x a(-1). The annual potential evapotranspiration was the highest in 1982, the lowest in 1995, and increased thereafter. Seasonally, the climatic change rate of the potential evapotranspiration in spring, summer, autumn, and winter was -0.19, 0.01, -0.05, and 0.03 mm x a(-1), respectively, suggesting that the potential evapotranspiration had a weak increase in winter and summer and a slight decrease in spring and autumn.