Soft tissue balancing in total hip arthroplasty for patients with adult dysplasia of the hip.
ABSTRACT To summarize our surgical experience of release and balance of soft tissues around the hip in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for patients with adult dysplasia of the hip (ADH).
From January 2001 to January 2006, 29 adult patients with dysplastic hips (31 hips) were included in this study. Among them, there were 19 women and 10 men, aged from 38 to 65 years. According to the Crowe classification system, there were 8 type I, 12 type II, 6 type III and 5 type IV. THA was performed via a lateral approach. All acetabular cups were reconstructed at the original anatomic location through soft tissue releasing around the hip to restore limb length, and techniques of balance of soft tissue were applied to extend the strength of the hip abductor and improve its function.
All patients had restoration of limb length (range, 1.5-4.5 cm). One postoperative dislocation occurred due to slight enlargement of the angle of abduction of the acetabulum. At 1.5-year follow-up (mean, 3.2 years) in 29 patients, the Harris score had increased from 42.6 preoperatively to 85.4. All hips were pain free with good function.
In order to restore the anatomic structure and physiologic function of the affected hip, the technique of release and balance of soft tissues around the hip should be applied cautiously in arthroplasty of ADH.
- Acta Orthopaedica - ACTA ORTHOP. 01/1996; 67(1):33-36.
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ABSTRACT: We evaluated the results of 27 acetabular reconstructions in 21 patients with secondary osteoarthritis resulting from congenital dysplasia of the hip in which the acetabular bone defects were restored with impacted morcellized bone-grafts in combination with a cemented cup. At an average follow-up of 7 years, 7 months (range, 5-15 years), 2 hips were revised. One cup was revised after 27 months for sciatic nerve problems; the other hip was revised for aseptic loosening of the cup at 12 years' follow-up. The cumulative survival of the acetabular reconstruction was 96.3% at 5- and 10-year intervals. Additionally, 2 hips (7.7%) showed stable radiolucent lines in zone III without migration of the cup. None of the cemented stems were revised. The bone impaction grafting technique is a safe and attractive method to restore bone deficiencies in dysplastic hips.The Journal of Arthroplasty 01/2002; 16(8 Suppl 1):164-9. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A consecutive series of 118 total hip arthroplasties was performed for Crowe type IV developmental hip dysplasia in 89 patients. The mean age of the patients was 52 years. All procedures were carried out through a transtrochanteric approach by the same surgeon. In all cases, the acetabular component was placed at the level of the true acetabulum. The mean lengthening of the operated limb was 3.8 cm. The average follow-up of the whole series was 12.8 years. At the last follow-up evaluation, 29 patients (35 hips) had died or were lost to follow-up at a mean of 11 years. Sixty patients (83 hips) were still alive at a mean follow-up of 16 years. At the time of last follow-up, the mean Merle d'Aubigné hip score was 17.4 compared with 10.6 preoperatively. The survival rate, with revision for any reason as the endpoint, was 78% at 20-year follow-up.The Journal of Arthroplasty 01/2002; 16(8 Suppl 1):170-6. · 2.11 Impact Factor