Article

Soft tissue balancing in total hip arthroplasty for patients with adult dysplasia of the hip.

Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.
Orthopaedic Surgery 08/2009; 1(3):212-5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1757-7861.2009.00034.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To summarize our surgical experience of release and balance of soft tissues around the hip in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for patients with adult dysplasia of the hip (ADH).
From January 2001 to January 2006, 29 adult patients with dysplastic hips (31 hips) were included in this study. Among them, there were 19 women and 10 men, aged from 38 to 65 years. According to the Crowe classification system, there were 8 type I, 12 type II, 6 type III and 5 type IV. THA was performed via a lateral approach. All acetabular cups were reconstructed at the original anatomic location through soft tissue releasing around the hip to restore limb length, and techniques of balance of soft tissue were applied to extend the strength of the hip abductor and improve its function.
All patients had restoration of limb length (range, 1.5-4.5 cm). One postoperative dislocation occurred due to slight enlargement of the angle of abduction of the acetabulum. At 1.5-year follow-up (mean, 3.2 years) in 29 patients, the Harris score had increased from 42.6 preoperatively to 85.4. All hips were pain free with good function.
In order to restore the anatomic structure and physiologic function of the affected hip, the technique of release and balance of soft tissues around the hip should be applied cautiously in arthroplasty of ADH.

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