B1, a novel topoisomerase II inhibitor, induces apoptosis and cell cycle G1 arrest in lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells.
ABSTRACT In our previous studies, we demonstrated that 2,6-bis-(2-chloroacetamido) anthraquinone (B1) showed a highly significant cytotoxic effect. However, its influence in the cell cycle and apoptotic induction effects has not been investigated yet. Here we report the antiproliferative effect of B1, for which IC50 values were 0.57 μmol/l for lung cancer A549 cells, 0.63 μmol/l for colon cancer HT-29 cells, and 0.53 μmol/l for breast cancer MCF-7 cells. DNA topoisomerase II (Topo II), an essential enzyme in DNA synthesis and meiotic division, is highly expressed in cancer cells. Some currently used clinical anticancer drugs (doxorubicin and mitoxantrone) targeting Topo II are very effective antineoplastic agents. B1, sharing the basic structure of known Topo II inhibitors, demonstrated a significant inhibitory effect on Topo II bioactivity. In A549 cells, B1 increased apoptotic cell population with induction of Fas, Bax, and cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and by reduction of Bcl-2 expression. Moreover, cell cycle analysis indicated that B1 induced G1 phase arrest through modulation of G1 cell cycle regulatory proteins, such as the downregulation of cyclin D1 and upregulation of Cip/p21, Kip1/p27, and p53. Thus, our study suggests that B1, with the ability to inhibit Topo II activity and cause cell cycle G1 arrest and apoptosis, has potential as a novel anticancer agent.
- Chemical Reviews 03/2012; 112(7):3611-40. DOI:10.1021/cr200325f · 45.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) and telomerase, as well as DNA damage response pathways are targets for anticancer drug development, and specific inhibitors are currently under clinical investigation. The purpose of this work is to evaluate anticancer activities of anthraquinone-derived tricyclic and tetracyclic small molecules and their structure-activity relationships with PARP-1 inhibition in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and NSCLC-overexpressing Oct4 and Nanog clone, which show high-expression of PARP-1 and more resistance to anticancer drug. We applied our library selected compounds to NCI's 60 human cancer cell-lines (NCI-60) in order to generate systematic profiling data. Based on our analysis, it is hypothesized that these drugs might be, directly and indirectly, target components to induce mitochondrial permeability transition and the release of pro-apoptotic factors as potential anti-NSCLC or PARP inhibitor candidates. Altogether, the most active showed its cytotoxicity and dose-dependent PARP inhibitory manner, thus it emerges as a promising structure for anti-cancer therapy with no significant negative influence on normal cells. Our studies present evidence that telomere maintenance should be taken into consideration in efforts not only to overcome drug resistance, but also to optimize the use of telomere-based therapeutics. These findings will be of great value to facilitate structure-based design of selective PARP inhibitors, in general, and telomerase inhibitors, in particular. Together, the data presented here expand our insight into the PARP inhibitors and support the resource-demanding lead optimization of structurally related small molecules for human cancer therapy.PLoS ONE 02/2013; 8(2):e56284. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0056284 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Squamous esophageal carcinoma is highly prevalent in developing countries, especially in China. Tu Bei Mu (TBM), a traditional folk medicine, has been used to treat esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) for a long term. tubeimoside I (TBMS1) is the main component of TBM, exhibiting great anticancer potential. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of TBMS1 cytotoxic effect on EC109 cells. Comparative nuclear proteomic approach was applied in the current study and we identified several altered protein spots. Further biochemical studies were carried out to detect the mitochondrial membrane potential, cell cycle and corresponding proteins' expression and location. Subcellular proteomic study in the nucleus from EC109 cells revealed that altered proteins were associated with mitochondrial function and cell proliferation. Further biochemical studies showed that TBMS1-induced molecular events were related to mitochondria-induced intrinsic apoptosis and P21-cyclin B1/cdc2 complex-related G2/M cell cycle arrest. Considering the conventional application of TBM in esophageal cancer, TBMS1 therefore may have a great potential as a chemotherapeutic drug candidate for ESCC.Chinese Journal of Cancer Research 06/2013; 25(3):312-21. DOI:10.3978/j.issn.1000-9604.2013.06.03 · 0.93 Impact Factor