[Time distribution characteristics of traffic injury in different age groups in Beijing from 2004 to 2008].
ABSTRACT To analyze the time distributions of traffic accidents happening in different age groups in Beijing from 2004 to 2008, and to provide information on the prevention and rescue.
The traffic injury cases recorded by Beijing Emergency Medical Center from 2004 to 2008 were analyzed, and the data were separated by age: the youth (0-17 years old), the adult (18-64 years old) and the senior adult (above 65 years old). The constituent ratios of hours and months were calculated to describe the states and time distributions of all the cases.
The high peaks of accidents for the youth group occurred in the periods 7:00 to 8:00 (6.77%, 39) and 16:00 to 18:00 (10.38%, 60;10.73%, 62), and for the senior adult group appeared in the period 9:00 to 11:00 (11.19%, 151; 11.04%, 149). The adult group showed a stable trend during the period 8:00 to 24:00. The amount of traffic injury happening in these three groups had the same status monthly, which turned out that most traffic accidents happened in October for all the groups (12.11%, 70; 10.38%, 1 257; 12.30%, 166), and February had the smallest number (4.15%, 24; 5.28%, 640; 5.26%, 71).
The time distributions of traffic injury within these three groups do not show the same situation daily but do monthly. The emergency treatment team and traffic control personnel should pay attention to this and have special protocol for different cases to increase the efficiency of the prehospital rescue.
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to give a description of the road traffic injuries (RTIs) characteristics of floating migrant population by comparing with those of local residents in a harbor city of China. A population-based descriptive study was carried out between 2007 and 2010 with RTI patient records from the Fifth Center Hospital of Tianjin. Inpatient diagnoses of RTI patients were defined using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes. We analyzed the demographics and general characteristics of RTI patients that were in the hospital during the four years. In order to compare the group differences between local resident patients and floating migrant patients, the distribution of their ages, diagnoses, severity of injuries, duration of inpatient stays, hospitalization cost were analyzed. People between the ages of 16 and 55 were the most likely to suffer RTIs. The floating migrant patients between the ages of 16 and 45 had a higher incidence of accidents, while local resident patients between 46 and 55 had a higher incidence of accidents. Compared to local resident patients, floating migrant patients were more vulnerable to open injuries and severe traffic injuries. With the severity of injuries ranked from mild to severe, floating migrant patients had lower duration of inpatient stay, but higher hospitalization costs compared to local resident patients. Floating migrant patients had a different age distribution, severity of injuries, diseases, inpatient duration and hospitalization cost compared with local resident patients. Compared to local resident patients, floating migrants had a higher risk to RTIs and were more vulnerable to severer traffic accidents at lower ages.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(1):e82640. · 3.73 Impact Factor