Free cortisol/cortisone ratio in pooled urine was increased after rapid-ACTH stimulation test under dexamethasone suppression
ABSTRACT We employ rapid-ACTH stimulation test under dexamethasone (DEX) suppression to assess the adrenal function in daily clinic. However, we have little knowledge about the excretion of urinary free cortisol (FF) and cortisone (FE) in pooled urine in this setting. The purpose was to examine the changes of FF and FE as well as FF/FE ratio in pooled urine after rapid-ACTH stimulation test under DEX suppression using stable isotope dilution-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SID-GC/MS). Pooled urine samples were collected from 8 patients (age 33-71 years) who were suspected to have primary aldsteronism. They all were finally diagnosed as having normal glucocorticoid secretion. We performed rapid-ACTH stimulation test with DEX suppression for consecutive 4 days as follows. (1) 24 hour urine samples were serially collected from 2300 h on day 1 for 72 hours (Basal, DEX1mg, and DEX8mg-ACTH). (2) 1 and 8 mg DEX was given at 2300 h on day 2 and 3, respectively. (3) 250 µg of ACTH was given at 0900 h on day 4. Urine free steroids were delivered with bismethylenedioxy-heptafluorobutyric anhydride and analyzed by SID-GC/MS (µg/day). From DEX1mg to DXE8mg-ACTH, (1) FF and FE were significantly increased (3.9±1.3 to 21.3±14.6 and 12.4±4.8 to 26.1±11.0 µg/day, respectively), but (2) FF/FE ratio significantly increased (0.32±0.05 to 0.77±0.23). These data suggested that newly synthesized cortisol by ACTH stimulation was not efficiently metabolized to cortisone.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In newborn infants, there are no reference intervals for urinary free steroids, which are thought to reflect the bioavailable fraction of steroids in the blood. We establish a method for simultaneous measurement of urinary free adrenal steroids such as pregnenolone, progesterone, 16α-hydroxyprogesterone, 17α-hydroxyprogesterone, 21-deoxycortisone, 21-deoxycortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone, androstenedione, and 11β-hydroxyandrostenedione by using stable isotope dilution gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (SID-GC/MS) and determined the reference intervals for urinary levels of free adrenal steroids in Japanese newborn infants. METHODS: Newborn pooled urine was used for validation. Spot urine samples were collected from 67 full-term Japanese newborn infants (34 male and 33 female infants) at 3-4days of age to determine reference intervals. The extracted and purified free steroids were delivered with heptafluorobutyric anhydride and analyzed by SID-GC/MS. RESULTS: We validated a SID-GC/MS method with good repeatability and recovery rate. The preliminary reference intervals (median [range], μmol/mol creatinine) were as follows: pregnenolone, 4.2 (0.7-31.6); progesterone, 0.5 (not detected (n.d.)-0.6); 16α-hydroxyprogesterone, 1.4 (n.d.-10.3); 17α-hydroxyprogesterone, 1.1 (n.d.-1.9); 21-deoxycortisone, n.d. (n.d.-n.d.); 21-deoxycortisol, n.d. (n.d.-n.d.); dehydroepiandrosterone, 2.2 (0.6-27.3); androstenedione, 0.7 (n.d.-5.2); and 11β-hydroxyandrostenedione, 2.9 (n.d.-26.7). CONCLUSIONS: We established a reliable SID-GC/MS method and were able to determine preliminary reference intervals for 9 urinary free adrenal steroids in newborn infants.Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry 11/2012; 415. DOI:10.1016/j.cca.2012.11.006 · 2.76 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Endogenous glucocorticoids (GC) rapidly increase after acute exercise, and the phosphodiesterase's type 5 inhibitor (PDE5i) tadalafil influences this physiological adaptation. No data exist on acute effects of both acute exercise and PDE5i administration on 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11β-HSDs)-related GC metabolites. We aimed to investigate the rapid effects of exercise on serum GC metabolites, with and without tadalafil administration. A double blind crossover study was performed in eleven healthy male volunteers. After the volunteers randomly received a short-term administration of placebo or tadalafil (20 mg/die for 2 days), a maximal exercise test to exhaustion on cycle ergometer was performed. Then, after a 2-week washout period, the volunteers were crossed over. Blood samples were collected before starting exercise and at 5 and 30 min of recovery (+5-Rec, +30-Rec). Serum ACTH, corticosterone (Cn), cortisol (F), cortisone (E), tetrahydrocortisol (THF), tetrahydrocortisone (THE), cortols, cortolones and respective ratios were evaluated. Pre-Ex THF was higher after tadalafil. Exercise increased ACTH, Cn, F, E, THE, cortols and cortolones after both placebo and tadalafil, and THF after placebo. The F/E ratio increased at +5-Rec and decreased at +30-Rec after placebo. Compared to placebo, after tadalafil lower ACTH, F and Cn, higher THF/F and THE/E, and not E (at +5-Rec) and F/E modifications were observed. Acute exercise rapidly influences serum GC metabolites concentrations. Tadalafil influences both GC adaptation and 11β-HSDs activity during acute exercise. Additional researches on the effects of both exercise and PDE5i on tissue-specific 11β-HSDs activity at rest and during physiological adaptation are warranted.Endocrine 02/2014; 47(3). DOI:10.1007/s12020-014-0185-2 · 3.53 Impact Factor