Tibial motor nerve conduction studies: an investigation into the mechanism for amplitude drop of the proximal evoked response.
ABSTRACT The amplitude of the compound muscle action potential (CMAP) of abductor hallucis (AH) shows the largest drop with proximal stimulation of any routinely studied motor nerves. The cause has not been established.
Four experiments of tibial motor nerve conduction in several healthy control subjects were performed using far-field recordings, collision, H-reflex, and intramuscular recordings of foot muscles.
The proximal CMAP showed a mean peak-peak amplitude of 66% (range 57-79%) compared with the distal response. Collision and H-reflex recordings in AH did not show evidence of a contribution from the tibial-innervated calf muscle. Needle electrode recordings of CMAPs showed consistently different latencies between different foot muscles.
Our experiments indicate that temporal dispersion and phase cancellation between the distal tibial-innervated foot muscles recorded by the E2 (i.e., reference) electrode can explain the drop in amplitude between the proximal and distal tibial evoked CMAP.
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ABSTRACT: The distance between the two electrode tips can greatly influence the parameters used for recording compound nerve action potentials. To investigate the optimal parameters for these recordings in the rat median nerve, we dissociated the nerve using different methods and compound nerve action potentials were orthodromically or antidromically recorded with different electrode spacings. Compound nerve action potentials could be consistently recorded using a method in which the middle part of the median nerve was intact, with both ends dissociated from the surrounding fascia and a ground wire inserted into the muscle close to the intact part. When the distance between two stimulating electrode tips was increased, the threshold and supramaximal stimulating intensity of compound nerve action potentials were gradually decreased, but the amplitude was not changed significantly. When the distance between two recording electrode tips was increased, the amplitude was gradually increased, but the threshold and supramaximal stimulating intensity exhibited no significant change. Different distances between recording and stimulating sites did not produce significant effects on the aforementioned parameters. A distance of 5 mm between recording and stimulating electrodes and a distance of 10 mm between recording and stimulating sites were found to be optimal for compound nerve action potential recording in the rat median nerve. In addition, the orthodromic compound action potential, with a biphasic waveform that was more stable and displayed less interference (however also required a higher threshold and higher supramaximal stimulus), was found to be superior to the antidromic compound action potential.Neural Regeneration Research 01/2014; 9(2):171-8. DOI:10.4103/1673-5374.125346 · 0.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To get a better understanding of pathophysiology in polyneuropathies (PNPs) by correlating compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude with duration. A total of 145 motor nerve conduction studies (MNCS) in 53 axonal and 132 MNCS in 45 demyelinating PNPs were analyzed. Peroneal and tibial MNCS were done by surface stimulation while for median and ulnar nerves near nerve or surface stimulations were used. CMAP amplitude and duration were compared in axonal and demyelination PNPs. Relationships between amplitude and duration of distally and proximally evoked CMAP were examined using regression analysis. CMAP amplitude was lower and duration was increased in all examined nerves in demyelinating PNPs than in axonal PNPs. In demyelinating PNPs, an inverse linear correlation between amplitude and duration was seen in distally and proximally evoked CMAP in all examined nerves. In axonal PNPs, there was no correlation in any of the nerves neither in distally nor in proximally evoked CMAP. Distal CMAP duration and the relationship between CMAP amplitude and duration show supplementary electrodiagnostic potential in demyelinating PNPs. More knowledge about the relation between amplitude and duration in axonal lesions and demyelination may help to reveal the pathophysiology in PNPs. Significant correlation between amplitude and duration in demyelination may suggest that the severe decrease in amplitude in demyelinating PNPs is probably due to the increase in duration secondary to temporal dispersion.Clinical neurophysiology: official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 05/2012; 123(10):2099-105. DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2012.04.002 · 3.12 Impact Factor