Immunomodulatory effect of human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells on lymphocytes.
ABSTRACT Studies have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have low immunogenicity and immune regulation. Human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly provides a new source for MSCs that are highly proliferative and have multi-differentiation potential. To investigate immunomodulatory effects of human Wharton's jelly cells (WJCs) on lymphocytes, we successfully isolated MSCs from human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly. WJCs expressed MSC markers but low levels of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-ABC and no HLA-DR. These results indicate that WJCs have low immunogenicity. Both WJCs and their culture supernatant could inhibit the proliferation of phytohemagglutinin-stimulated human peripheral blood lymphocytes and mouse splenocytes. Additionally, WJCs suppressed secretion of transforming growth factor-β1 and interferon-γ by human peripheral blood lymphocytes. We conclude that the immunomodulatory effect of WJCs may be related to direct cell contact and inhibition of cytokine secretion by human peripheral blood lymphocytes.
Physical Review A 12/1992; 46(9):6091-6092. · 2.88 Impact Factor
Article: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells inhibit the response of naive and memory antigen-specific T cells to their cognate peptide.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been recently shown to inhibit T-cell proliferation to polyclonal stimuli. We characterized the effect of MSCs of bone marrow origin on the T-cell response of naive and memory T cells to their cognate antigenic epitopes. The immune response to murine male transplantation antigens, HY, was selected because the peptide identity and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) restriction of the immunodominant epitopes are known. C57BL/6 female mice immunized with male cells were the source of memory T cells, whereas C6 mice transgenic for HY-specific T-cell receptor provided naive T cells. Responder cells were stimulated in vitro with male spleen cells or HY peptides in the presence or absence of MSCs. MSCs inhibited HY-specific naive and memory T cells in a dose-dependent fashion and affected cell proliferation, cytotoxicity, and the number of interferon gamma (IFN-gamma)-producing HY peptide-specific T cells. However, the MSC inhibitory effect did not selectively target antigen-reactive T cells. When MSCs were added to the T-cell cultures in a Transwell system or MSCs were replaced by MSC culture supernatant, the inhibitory activity was abrogated. T-cell reactivity was also restored if MSCs were removed from the cultures. The expression of MHC molecules and the presence in culture of antigen-presenting cells (APCs) or of CD4(+)/CD25(+) regulatory T cells were not required for MSCs to inhibit. We conclude that MSCs inhibit naive and memory T-cell responses to their cognate antigens. Overall our data suggest that MSCs physically hinder T cells from the contact with APCs in a noncognate fashion.Blood 06/2003; 101(9):3722-9. · 9.90 Impact Factor