TACN-containing cationic lipids with ester bond: preparation and application in gene delivery.

Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Technology (Ministry of Education), College of Chemistry, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, People's Republic of China.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (Impact Factor: 2.65). 12/2011; 21(23):7045-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.09.098
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A series of novel cationic lipids based on 1,4,7-triazacyclononane (TACN) with different hydrophobic chains were synthesized via the formation of a biodegradable ester bond. These lipids were found to have good buffering capacity at the pH range of 5.0-6.5, which is similar to that of the acidic endosomal compartments. The liposomes formed from these lipids and DOPE could condense DNA into nanoparticles with proper sizes. In vitro experiments showed moderate to good gene transfection efficiency of the formed lipoplexes. The structure-activity relationships of this type of lipids were discussed.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cationic lipids have become an efficient type of non-viral vectors for gene delivery. In this Letter, four cationic lipids containing 1,4,7-triazacyclononane (TACN) headgroup, glutamic/aspartic acid backbone and dioleyl tails were designed and synthesized. The TACN headgroup gives these lipids excellent pH buffering capacities, which were higher than branched 25kDa PEI. Cationic liposomes prepared from these lipids and DOPE showed good DNA affinity, and full DNA condensation was found at N/P ratio of 3 via agarose gel electrophoresis. The lipoplexes were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) assay, which gave proper particle sizes and zeta-potentials for transfection. In vitro gene transfection results in two cell lines reveal that TAN (with aspartic acid and amide bond in the structure) shows the best transfection efficiency, which is close to commercially available transfection agent Lipofectamine 2000.
    Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 02/2014; · 2.65 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cationic oligomers with a rigid aromatic backbone were first applied as non-viral gene delivery vectors. These materials showed better DNA condensation ability than their flexible analogues. In vitro transfection experiments revealed that the materials with more rigid backbone exhibited considerably higher TE and lower cytotoxicity than 25 kDa PEI.
    Chemical Communications 05/2014; · 6.38 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Routine clinical implementation of human gene therapy requires safe and efficient gene delivery methods. Linear biodegradable polyesters with carbon-carbon double bonds are prepared from unsaturated diacids and diols. Subsequent appending of low molecular weight PEI by Michael addition gives target cationic polymers efficiently. Agarose gel retardation and fluorescence quenching assays show that these materials have good DNA binding ability and can completely retard plasmid DNA at weight ratio of 0.8. The formed polyplexes have appropriate sizes around 275 nm and zeta-potential values about +20-35 mV. The cytotoxicities of these polymers assayed by MTT are much lower than that of 25 kDa PEI. In vitro transfection toward 7402, HEK293 and U-2OS cells show that polymer P1 may give dramatically higher transfection efficiency (TE) than 25 kDa PEI, especially in U-2OS cells, suggesting that such polymer might be promising non-viral gene vectors.
    European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 03/2014; 78C:118-125. · 3.43 Impact Factor