Comparison of the effects of pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass, non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting on the inflammatory response and S-100beta protein.
ABSTRACT Background: We aimed to investigate the effects of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass, and non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass techniques on the inflammatory response and the central nervous system in the current study. Methods: A total of 32 patients who were scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery were included in the study. The patients were allocated into three different groups according to the perfusion techniques used during the cardiopulmonary bypass procedure as follows: off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting group (n=10); pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass group (n=11); and non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass group (n=11). Serum interleukin-6, interleukin-8, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and S-100beta levels were measured preoperatively, and at 0, 6, and 24 hours postoperatively. Results: The postoperative increase in the levels of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 was significantly lower in the off-pump group compared to the other two groups (p<0.05), while there was no significant difference in tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels between the groups. Postoperative S-100β levels, an indicator of cerebral injury, was significantly lower in the off-pump CABG group compared to the other two groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: We found that off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting had less negative effects on inflammatory response and central nervous system compared to pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass and non-pulsatile cardiopulmonary bypass techniques.
- Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 12/2012; · 1.06 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Inflammation and pain are two common clinical issues following cardiac surgery, which are important to patient outcomes. This article reviews the literature regarding inflammation and pain following cardiac surgery with special emphasis on off-pump cardiac surgery. Off-pump surgery is associated with decreased intraoperative inflammatory response compared with procedures using cardiopulmonary bypass; however, the postoperative pattern of inflammatory response is similar to on-pump procedures. Multimodal analgesic regimens and protocol-based approaches to pain management improve analgesia compared to conventional approaches. Off-pump cardiac surgeries although known to decrease the inflammatory burden do not appear to impact the overall patient outcomes. Recent evidence indicates the prothrombotic tendency following off-pump procedures, which could be related to the time course of inflammation following off-pump cardiac surgery. There might be some benefit of off-pump procedures regarding neurological and renal function that needs further studies. Pain management following off-pump procedures is similar to that of patients undergoing on-pump cardiac surgery. Better caregiver and patient education is crucial for improving pain control following cardiac surgery. Analgesic regimens need to consider adjuvants and regional analgesic techniques and patient-controlled modalities while providing care.Current opinion in anaesthesiology 12/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) contributes to the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines that mediate the inflammatory response observed during open heart surgery. In addition to many factors, type of anesthesia management affects immune response and central nervous system in cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of propofol versus desflurane anesthesia on systemic immune modulation and central nervous system on patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Forty patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass graft surgery with CPB were included in this prospective randomized study. Patients were allocated to receive propofol (n = 20) or desflurane (n = 20) for maintenance of anesthesia. The blood samples for IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and S100β were drawn just prior to the operation before the induction of anesthesia, second before cardiopulmonary bypass, third after CPB, fourth 4 h postoperatively at the ICU. Major finding in our study is that S100β levels were lower in propofol group when compared to desflurane anesthesia. And also immune reaction was less in patients exposed to desflurane anesthesia when compared to propofol anesthesia as indicated by lower plasma concentrations of IL-8 and IL-6. Propofol is more preferable in terms of S100β for anesthetic management for CABG.Inflammation 06/2013; · 2.46 Impact Factor