Cu(2)O nanoneedles are synthesized on a copper substrate by a simple anodization and reducing ambient annealing protocol. ZnO nanorods are grown on ITO coated glass by a low temperature chemical route. The electronic and photo-response properties of the p-Cu(2)O/n-ZnO flip-chip heterojunction are then studied and analyzed. We show that the I-V characteristic is rectifying and the junction exhibits a good photoresponse (∼120% under 1 V reverse bias) under AM 1.5 (1 Sun) illumination. This nano-heterojunction photo-response is far stronger as compared to that of a pulsed laser deposited thin film p-Cu(2)O/n-ZnO heterojunction, which can be attributed to higher junction area in the former case.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods are grown hierarchically on cuprous oxide (Cu2O) nanoneedles to form a Cu2O/ZnO hetero-nanobrush assembly. This increases the overall aspect ratio, which helps to enhance the field emission properties of the system. Also, the charge separation and transport are facilitated because of the multiple p-n junctions formed at p-Cu2O/n-ZnO interfaces and quasi-1-D structures of both the materials, respectively. This helps to significantly enhance the photocatalytic properties. As compared to only Cu2O nanoneedles, the Cu2O/ZnO hetero-nanobrush shows excellent improvement in both field emission and photocatalytic applications.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A heterostructure formed by a layer of agarose gel drop-cast on a hydrothermally grown layer of ZnO nanorods on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO)-coated glass is examined for photoresponse with a top platinum tip contact. This ionic-gel-based hybrid device shows three orders of magnitude higher photocurrent as compared to the case of bare ZnO nanorods film.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have demonstrated a facile protocol for synthesizing CuO and Cu2O mixed-phase nanostructures by anodization of copper hydroxide (Cu(OH)2) nanoneedles and their heat treatment in different atmospheres, which affect photocatalytic degradation efficiency. The oxygen annealed sample had relatively small (100 nm) lamellar, spherical nanoparticulate structures on the substrate surface, which showed better photocatalytic degradation of reactive black 5 dye resulting from the appropriate morphology and phase formation, compared to the samples annealed in different atmospheres and vacuum. The pseudo first-order rate constant (k) of the oxygen annealed sample was 0.0054/min, which was relatively high due to the formation of a CuO-Cu2O heterojunction with matching band potentials. Air, nitrogen, argon and vacuum annealing resulted in bigger particles and different morphologies, which led to pseudo first-order rate constants (k) of 0.0032/min (air-annealed); 0.0021/min (N2-annealed); 0.0033/min (Ar-annealed); and 0.0027/min (vacuum-annealed), which resulted in poor photocatalytic degradation of the reactive black 5 dye.
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11/2012; 12(11):8396-400. DOI:10.1166/jnn.2012.6673 · 1.56 Impact Factor
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