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The nucleoporin Nup358/RanBP2 promotes nuclear import in a cargo- and transport receptor-specific manner.

Department of Biochemistry I, Faculty of Medicine, Georg-August-University of Göttingen, Humboldtallee 23, 37073, Göttingen, Germany.
Traffic (Impact Factor: 4.71). 02/2012; 13(2):218-33. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0854.2011.01302.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In vertebrates, the nuclear pore complex (NPC), the gate for transport of macromolecules between the nucleus and the cytoplasm, consists of approximately 30 different nucleoporins (Nups). The Nup and SUMO E3-ligase Nup358/RanBP2 are the major components of the cytoplasmic filaments of the NPC. In this study, we perform a structure-function analysis of Nup358 and describe its role in nuclear import of specific proteins. In a screen for nuclear proteins that accumulate in the cytoplasm upon Nup358 depletion, we identified proteins that were able to interact with Nup358 in a receptor-independent manner. These included the importin α/β-cargo DBC-1 (deleted in breast cancer 1) and DMAP-1 (DNA methyltransferase 1 associated protein 1). Strikingly, a short N-terminal fragment of Nup358 was sufficient to promote import of DBC-1, whereas DMAP-1 required a larger portion of Nup358 for stimulated import. Neither the interaction of RanGAP with Nup358 nor its SUMO-E3 ligase activity was required for nuclear import of all tested cargos. Together, Nup358 functions as a cargo- and receptor-specific assembly platform, increasing the efficiency of nuclear import of proteins through various mechanisms.

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