Epidemiology of Critical Care Syndromes, Organ Failures, and Life-Support Interventions in a Suburban US Community
ABSTRACT ICU services represent a significant and increasing proportion of medical care. Population-based epidemiologic studies are essential to inform physicians and policymakers about current and future ICU demands. We aimed to determine the incidence of critical care syndromes, organ failures, and life-support interventions in a defined US suburban community with unrestricted access to critical care services.
This population-based observational cohort from January 1 to December 31, 2006, in Olmsted County, Minnesota, included all consecutive critically ill adult residents admitted to the ICU. Main outcomes were incidence of critical care syndromes, life-support interventions, and organ failures as defined by standard criteria. Incidences are reported per 100,000 population (95% CIs) and were age adjusted to the 2006 US population.
A total of 1,707 ICU admissions were identified from 1,461 patients. Incidences of critical care syndromes were respiratory failure, 430 (390-470); acute kidney injury, 290 (257-323); severe sepsis, 286 (253-319); all-cause shock, 194 (167-221); acute lung injury, 86 (68-105); all-cause coma, 43 (30-55); and overt disseminated intravascular coagulation, 18 (10-26). Incidence of mechanical ventilation was invasive, 310 (276-344); noninvasive, 180 (154-206); vasopressors and inotropes, 183(155-208). Renal replacement therapy incidence was 96 (77-116). Of the cohort, 1,330 patients (91%) survived to hospital discharge. Short- and long-term survival decreased by the number of failing organs.
In a suburban US community with high access to critical care services, cumulative incidences of critical care syndromes and life-support interventions were higher than previously reported. The results of this study have important implications for future planning of critical care delivery.
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ABSTRACT: Background Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIV) is a front-line therapy for the management of acute respiratory failure (ARF) in the intensive care units. However, the data on factors and outcomes associated with the use of NIV in ARF patients is lacking. Therefore, we aimed to determine the utilization of NIV for ARF in a population-based study. Methods We conducted a populated-based retrospective cohort study, where in all consecutively admitted adults (≥18 years) with ARF from Olmsted County, Rochester, MN, at the Mayo Clinic medical and surgical ICUs, during 2006 were included. Patients without research authorization or on chronic NIV use for sleep apnea were excluded. Results Out of 1461 Olmsted County adult residents admitted to the ICUs in 2006, 364 patients developed ARF, of which 146 patients were initiated on NIV. The median age in years was 75 (interquartile range, 60–84), 48% females and 88.7% Caucasians. Eighteen patients (12%) were on Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) mode and 128 (88%) were on noninvasive intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) mode. Forty-six (10%) ARF patients were put on NIV for palliative strategy to alleviate dyspnea. Seventy-six ARF patients without treatment limitation were given a trial of NIV and 49 patients succeeded, while 27 had to be intubated. Mortality was similar between the patients initially supported with NIV versus invasive mechanical ventilation (33% vs 22%, P=0.289). In the multivariate analysis, the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and higher APACHE III scores were associated with the failure of initial NIV treatment. Conclusions Our results have important implications for a future planning of NIV in a suburban US community with high access to critical care services. The higher APACHE III scores and the development of ARDS are associated with the failure of initial NIV treatment.BMC Emergency Medicine 04/2013; 13(1):6. DOI:10.1186/1471-227X-13-6
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to investigate the recent trend over time of outcomes of patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) based on the Japanese administrative database. A total of 34,711 patients with DIC had been referred to 1,092 hospitals from 2010 to 2012 in Japan. We collected patients' data from the administrative database to compare in-hospital mortality within 14 and 28 days between periods. The study periods were categorized into three groups: 2010 (n = 8,382), 2011 (n = 13,372), and 2012 (n = 12,957). These analyses were performed according to the underlying diseases associated with DIC. The in-hospital mortality within 14 or 28 days of DIC patients with infectious diseases decreased between 2010 and 2012 (within 14 days: 20.4 vs. 18.1 vs. 17.9 %, P = 0.009; within 28 days: 31.1 vs. 28.7 vs. 27.7 %, P = 0.003; respectively). Multiple logistic regressions also showed that the period was associated with in-hospital mortality of DIC patients with infectious diseases. The odds ratios of 2011 and 2012 for in-hospital mortality within 14 days were 0.86 [95 % confidence intervals (CI) 0.77-0.97] and 0.84 (95 % CI 0.75-0.94) whereas those for in-hospital mortality within 28 days were 0.89 (95 % CI 0.81-0.98) and 0.83 (95 % CI 0.76-0.92), respectively. However, there were no significant differences in mortality of patients with DIC associated with other underlying diseases between 2010 and 2012. This study demonstrated that in-hospital mortality of DIC patients with infectious diseases gradually improved between 2010 and 2012 in Japan.Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 05/2014; 38(3). DOI:10.1007/s11239-014-1068-3 · 2.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: . To determine early predictors of outcomes of adult patients with severe acute respiratory failure. . 100 consecutive adult patients with severe acute respiratory failure were evaluated in this retrospective study. Data including comorbidities, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score, Acute Physiological Assessment and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, PaO, FiO, PaO/FiO, PEEP, mean airway pressure (mPaw), and oxygenation index (OI) on the 1st and the 3rd day of mechanical ventilation, and change in OI within 3 days were recorded. Primary outcome was hospital mortality; secondary outcome measure was ventilator weaning failure. . 38 out of 100 (38%) patients died within the study period. 48 patients (48%) failed to wean from ventilator. Multivariate analysis showed day 3 OI ( = 0.004) and SOFA ( = 0.02) score were independent predictors of hospital mortality. Preexisting cerebrovascular accident (CVA) ( = 0.002) was the predictor of weaning failure. Results from Kaplan-Meier method demonstrated that higher day 3 OI was associated with shorter survival time (log-Rank test, < 0.001). . Early OI (within 3 days) and SOFA score were predictors of mortality in severe acute respiratory failure. In the future, prospective studies measuring serial OIs in a larger scale of study cohort is required to further consolidate our findings.The Scientific World Journal 01/2013; 2013:413216. DOI:10.1155/2013/413216 · 1.73 Impact Factor