Mortality of Cerebral Venous-Sinus Thrombosis in a Large National Sample
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mortality rates associated with cerebral venous-sinus thrombosis in a large national sample.
A cohort of patients with cerebral venous-sinus thrombosis was identified from the National Inpatient Sample database for the years 2000 to 2007. According to the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes, cerebral venous-sinus thrombosis is categorized into pyogenic and nonpyogenic groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess covariates associated with hospital mortality.
Among 3488 patients, the overall mortality rate was 4.39%, which was nonsignificantly higher among the pyogenic group (4.55% versus 3.52%; OR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.47-1.23). In the pyogenic cerebral venous-sinus thrombosis group, hematologic disorders were the most frequent predisposing condition (16.2%); whereas systemic malignancy followed by hematologic disorders were most common in the nonpyogenic group (14.08% and 10.04%, respectively). Predictors of mortality included age, intracerebral hemorrhage as well as the predisposing conditions of hematologic disorders, systemic malignancy, and central nervous system infection.
Compared with arterial stroke, CVST harbors a relatively low mortality rate. Death is determined by age, the presence of intracerebral hemorrhage, and certain predisposing conditions.
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ABSTRACT: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is an uncommon but life-threatening stroke subtype with extremely diverse clinical features, predisposing factors, brain imaging findings, and outcomes. Its predominant etiologies were known to be otomastoid, orbit, and central face cutaneous infections, pregnancy and complications associated with the postpartum period, and oral contraceptives. In recent years, however, infections have accounted for fewer cases while oral contraceptives, pregnancy and complications associated with the postpartum period, tumors, and coagulopathies have accounted for more cases of CVST. These conditions have become the predominant risk factors for CVST, but uncommon etiologies have also emerged. This review focuses on the new etiologies of CVST cases reported this year to broaden perspectives on the etiologies of CVST.
- Stroke 02/2012; 43(2):e22; author reply e23. DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.111.642462 · 6.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: There is no randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating the efficacy and safety of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) compared to unfractionated heparin (UFH) in cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST). In this RCT, we have evaluated the efficacy and safety of LMWH versus UFH in CVST. Consecutive patients with CVST diagnosed on the basis of MR venography (MRV) who was free of bleeding diathesis, malignancy, hepatic or renal failure were prospectively enrolled. History, clinical findings and risk factors were evaluated. MRI and MRV findings were recorded. The patients were randomized to LMWH and UFH groups for 14 days followed by oral anticoagulant. The hospital mortality and 3 months outcome as assessed by Barthel index (BI) score were noted. 32 patients received UFH and 34 received LMWH. The baseline demographic, clinical and radiological parameters were similar in both the groups. Six patients died and all were in UFH group (P = 0.01). At 3 months, insignificantly higher number of patients recovered completely in LMWH compared to UFH group (30 vs. 20). There was no serious side effect needing withdrawal of drugs except one was withdrawn from UFH because of heparin-induced thrombosis. Low molecular weight heparin resulted in significantly lower hospital mortality in CVST compared to UFH.European Journal of Neurology 03/2012; 19(7):1030-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2012.03690.x · 4.06 Impact Factor