Three-dimensional proton MR spectroscopic imaging at 3 T for the differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative, three-dimensional (3D) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic imaging at 3 T for the differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions, on the basis of choline (Cho) signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) threshold levels, in a clinically feasible measurement time.
Institutional review board approval and written informed consent were obtained from all subjects. Fifty female patients (mean age, 50 years; age range, 25-82 years) with mammographic or ultrasonographic (US) abnormalities were successfully examined in the prone position with a 3-T MR system by using a dedicated breast coil. Lesions were verified by either histopathologic examination or follow-up of at least 24 months. For 3D MR spectroscopic imaging, a point-resolved spectroscopic sequence (repetition time msec/echo time msec, 750/145; field of view, 12 × 12 × 12 cm(3); matrix size, 12 × 12 × 12, interpolated to 16 × 16 × 16; acquisition time, 11 minutes 17 seconds) was used. The maximum Cho SNR was assessed in all lesions and correlated with the histopathologic results.
Thirty-two malignant and 12 benign lesions were confirmed in 43 patients with histopathologic examination. Seven patients without biopsy underwent imaging follow-up. In 31 of 32 (97%) malignant and 10 of 19 (53%) benign lesions, Cho was detected. The median Cho SNR in malignant lesions was 5.7, compared with 2.0 in benign lesions. With a Cho SNR threshold level of 2.6, 3D MR spectroscopic imaging provided a sensitivity of 97% and a specificity of 84% for the differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions.
At 3T, 3D MR spectroscopic imaging yields high diagnostic sensitivity and specificity for discrimination of benign and malignant breast lesions within reasonable measurement times. This technique allows the study of heterogeneous and multicentric breast tumors and simplifies acquisition planning.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between high-resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy using core needle biopsy (CNB) specimens and histologic prognostic factors currently used in breast cancer patients. After institutional review board approval and informed consent were obtained for this study, CNB specimens were collected from 36 malignant lesions in 34 patients. Concentrations and metabolic ratios of various choline metabolites were estimated by HR-MAS MR spectroscopy using CNB specimens. HR-MAS spectroscopic values were compared according to histopathologic variables [tumor size, lymph node metastasis, histologic grade, status of estrogens receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), HER2 (a receptor for human epidermal growth factor), and Ki-67, and triple negativity]. Multivariate analysis was performed with Orthogonal Projections to Latent Structure-Discriminant Analysis (OPLS-DA). HR-MAS MR spectroscopy quantified and discriminated choline metabolites in all CNB specimens of the 36 breast cancers. Several metabolite markers [free choline (Cho), phosphocholine (PC), creatine (Cr), taurine, myo-inositol, scyllo-inositol, total choline (tCho), glycine, Cho/Cr, tCho/Cr, PC/Cr] on HR-MAS MR spectroscopy were found to correlate with histologic prognostic factors [ER, PR, HER2, histologic grade, triple negativity, Ki-67, poor prognosis]. OPLS-DA multivariate models were generally able to discriminate the status of histologic prognostic factors (ER, PR, HER2, Ki-67) and prognosis groups. Our study suggests that HR-MAS MR spectroscopy using CNB specimens can predict tumor aggressiveness prior to surgery in breast cancer patients. In addition, it may be helpful in the detection of reliable markers for breast cancer characterization.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(12):e51712. · 3.73 Impact Factor