Regulation of alveolar epithelial Na+ channels by ERK1/2 in chlorine-breathing mice.

Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, BMR II 224, 901 19th St. South, Birmingham, AL 35205-3703, USA.
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology (Impact Factor: 4.15). 03/2012; 46(3):342-54. DOI: 10.1165/rcmb.2011-0309OC
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The mechanisms by which the exposure of mice to Cl(2) decreases vectorial Na(+) transport and fluid clearance across their distal lung spaces have not been elucidated. We examined the biophysical, biochemical, and physiological changes of rodent lung epithelial Na(+) channels (ENaCs) after exposure to Cl(2), and identified the mechanisms involved. We measured amiloride-sensitive short-circuit currents (I(amil)) across isolated alveolar Type II (ATII) cell monolayers and ENaC single-channel properties by patching ATII and ATI cells in situ. α-ENaC, γ-ENaC, total and phosphorylated extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK)1/2, and advanced products of lipid peroxidation in ATII cells were measured by Western blot analysis. Concentrations of reactive intermediates were assessed by electron spin resonance (ESR). Amiloride-sensitive Na(+) channels with conductances of 4.5 and 18 pS were evident in ATI and ATII cells in situ of air-breathing mice. At 1 hour and 24 hours after exposure to Cl(2), the open probabilities of these two channels decreased. This effect was prevented by incubating lung slices with inhibitors of ERK1/2 or of proteasomes and lysosomes. The exposure of ATII cell monolayers to Cl(2) increased concentrations of reactive intermediates, leading to ERK1/2 phosphorylation and decreased I(amil) and α-ENaC concentrations at 1 hour and 24 hours after exposure. The administration of antioxidants to ATII cells before and after exposure to Cl(2) decreased concentrations of reactive intermediates and ERK1/2 activation, which mitigated the decrease in I(amil) and ENaC concentrations. The reactive intermediates formed during and after exposure to Cl(2) activated ERK1/2 in ATII cells in vitro and in vivo, leading to decreased ENaC concentrations and activity.

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