The effect of ghrelin pretreatment on epididymal sperm quality and tissue antioxidant enzyme activities after testicular ischemia/reperfusion in rats.

Department of Pathobiology, Lorestan University, Khoramabad, Iran.
Journal of physiology and biochemistry (Impact Factor: 2.5). 03/2012; 68(1):91-7. DOI: 10.1007/s13105-011-0122-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand for growth hormone secretagogue receptor, has been reported to prevent ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in various tissues by its antioxidant activity. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the effect of ghrelin on sperm quality and antioxidant enzyme activity in a rat testicular ischemia/reperfusion injury model. Forty-two male Wistar rats were divided into groups control, I/R, and I/R plus ghrelin. The right testes were rotated 720° for 1 h and were allowed to reperfuse for 4 h and 30 days thereafter. Ghrelin (40 nmol/kg IP) or vehicle (physiological saline) was administrated 15 min before reperfusion. After 4 h of reperfusion, a right orchiectomy was performed to measure the biochemical parameters. In addition, the sperm was collected from the epididymis after 30 days of reperfusion, and sperm characteristics were examined. The malondialdehyde levels of the testis tissues were significantly increased, but a statistically significant decrease was found in the superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and catalase activities in the I/R group as compared with the control, indicating I/R injury. The sperm evaluation showed a significant reduction in all characteristics resulted from I/R compared with the control. In the ghrelin-treated group, the malondialdehyde values were significantly lowered, and only enzyme activity of glutathione peroxidase showed significant increases compared with the I/R group. Ghrelin significantly enhanced sperm motility, movement, and concentration but did not prevent I/R-induced reduction in membrane integrity in the testes of rats compared to the I/R group. Our results suggest that ghrelin treatment has a protective role on IR-induced testicular injury, and this effect may be due to its antioxidant properties.

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cryptorchidism is associated with increased level of reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation. This study was undertaken to examine the possible ghrelin ability in attenuation of testicular damage in response to elevated temperature. Thirty male rats were subdivided into sham-operated, cryptorchidism-saline and cryptorchidism-ghrelin group. Bilateral cryptorchidism was induced in groups 2 and 3, surgically. The animals in group 3 were given ghrelin for 7days and all testes were taken for biochemical and photomicrograph analysis. Glutathione peroxidase activity and glutathione content significantly promoted on day 7 in the cryptorchid rats treated by ghrelin. Catalase activity was higher in the ghrelin-exposed animals than the cryptorchidism-saline group on both experimental days. Although superoxide dismutase activity was elevated by ghrelin treatment on both days, it did not differ significantly. By contrast, significant reduction was observed in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances concentrations following ghrelin administration on day 7. Moreover, ghrelin could improve histopathological scores of the testes, and diminished formation of giant cells and tubular vacuolization. These findings indicate for the first time the novel evidence of ghrelin antioxidant properties in attenuation of rat testicular injury following experimentally induced cryptorchidism.
    Journal of Pediatric Surgery 04/2014; 49(4):593-8. · 1.31 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The role of ghrelin and obestatin in male reproduction has not completely been clarified. We explored ghrelin and obestatin localisation in the male reproductive system. Polyclonal antibodies anti-ghrelin and anti-obestatin were used to detect the expression of these hormones in human testis, prostate and seminal vesicles by immunocytochemistry, while in ejaculated and swim up selected spermatozoa by immunofluorescence. Sertoli cells were positive for both peptides and Leydig cells for ghrelin; germ cells were negative for both hormones. Mild signals for ghrelin and obestatin were observed in rete testis; efferent ductules were the most immune reactive region for both peptides. Epididymis was moderately positive for ghrelin; vas deferens and seminal vesicles showed intense obestatin and moderate ghrelin labelling; prostate tissue expressed obestatin alone. Ejaculated and selected spermatozoa were positive for both peptides in different head and tail regions. This study confirms ghrelin localisation in Leydig and Sertoli cells; the finding that ghrelin is expressed in rete testis, epididymis, vas deferens and seminal vesicles is novel, as well as the localisation of obestatin in almost all tracts of the male reproductive system. This research could offer insights for stimulating other studies, particularly on the role of obestatin in sperm physiology, which is still obscure.
    Andrologia 10/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Numerous reports demonstrate that cadmium (Cd) induces oxidative stress by increasing lipid peroxidation and altering antioxidative enzymes status. Thirty male rats were subdivided into control-saline, Cd-saline and Cd-ghrelin groups. A single dose of Cd was injected to induce testicular injury and also ghrelin for 10 consecutive days to group 3. SOD activity decreased and lipid peroxidation increased by Cd administration. The mean activities of GPx and CAT as well as GSH content were lower in the Cd-saline rats; however, they did not statistically differ compared with the controls. Exposure to Cd resulted in complete degeneration of seminiferous tubules with severe depletion of germ cells and arrest in spermatogenesis. Notably, ghrelin treatment not only prevented reduction in SOD, GPx, CAT and GSH level, but also increased enzyme activities form their normal values. Moreover, TBARS concentration was significantly reduced by ghrelin administration. Furthermore, ghrelin pre-treatment resulted in partial but not significant prevention in testicular histopathological features damaged by Cd. In conclusion, the obtained results indicate for the first time the novel evidences of ghrelin ability in promotion of antioxidant enzyme activities and reduction of lipid peroxidation following Cd-induced oxidative stress in the rat testis. These observations also demonstrate that ghrelin may be considered as promising antioxidant agent in prevention and attenuation of testicular injury upon Cd toxicity.
    Andrologia 07/2014; · 1.17 Impact Factor