Bariatric surgeries are now redefined as metabolic surgeries given the excellent resolution of metabolic derangements accompanying obesity. Duodenojejunal bypass (DJB) is a novel metabolic surgery based on foregut hypothesis. Reports describe DJB as a stand-alone procedure for the treatment of diabetes in nonobese subjects. For obese subjects, DJB is combined with sleeve gastrectomy. This combination of DJB and sleeve gastrectomy is proposed as an ideal alternative to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) with these advantages: (1) easy postoperative endoscopic surveillance, (2) preservation of the pyloric mechanism, which prevents dumping syndrome, and (3) reduced alimentary limb tension. This study aimed to analyze the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic DJB with sleeve gastrectomy for morbidly obese patients.
At our institution, 38 patients who underwent laparoscopic DJB with sleeve gastrectomy were followed up. The inclusion criteria for the study were according to the Asian Pacific Bariatric Surgery Society guidelines. Sleeve gastrectomy was performed over a 36-Fr bougie, with the first part of the duodenum mobilized and transected. The jejunum was divided 50 cm distal to duodenojejunal flexure. A 75- to 150-cm alimentary limb was fashioned and brought in a retrocolic manner. End-to-end hand-sewn duodenojejunostomy was performed. Intestinal continuity was restored with a stapled jejunojejunostomy, and mesenteric rents were closed.
The study population consisted of 38 patients (15 men and 23 women) ranging in age from 31 to 48 years. During a mean follow-up period of 17 months, the excess body weight loss was 72%, with a 92% resolution of diabetes. One patient presented with internal herniation through the retrocolic window 1 month after the operation and was managed surgically without any complication. No other minor or major complications occurred, and there was no mortality.
Laparoscopic DJB with sleeve gastrectomy is safe and effective in achieving durable weight loss and excellent resolution of comorbidities. Long-term follow-up studies are needed.
"Completely cured T2DM is a difficult problem on medicine. Modified gastric bypass surgery began to be used in T2DM patients in the 1990s  , and the efficiency of this procedure reached 83%         although the therapeutic mechanism involved is still unclear. In order to further clarify the effect and the mechanism of modified gastric bypass surgery on glucose metabolism in patients with T2DM, we retrospectively analyzed incretin indexes including GLP-1, GIP, and some blood glucose indexes in patients with T2DM underwent modified Roux-en-Y gastric bypass procedures. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most serious diseases that threaten public health. Modified gastric bypass surgery has been applied to the treatment of T2DM patients in the 1990s, but the therapeutic mechanism to this function is still unclear. The aim of this study was to further clarify the effect and the mechanism of modified gastric bypass surgery on glucose metabolism in patients with T2DM. In the study, the incretin indexes and blood glucose indexes were analyzed before surgery and 1 week and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. The results suggested that modified Roux-en-Y gastric bypass can promote GLP-1 secretion in patients with T2DM, while reducing the secretion of GIP. Thus it could effectively control blood glucose of patients with T2DM.
Gastroenterology Research and Practice 07/2015; 2015:625196. DOI:10.1155/2015/625196 · 1.75 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic duodeno-jejunal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (DJB-SG) has been introduced as a novel metabolic surgery from Asia recently. It provides benefits of avoiding the risk of remnant gastric cancer, minimization of malnutrition from duodenal switch. Here, we introduce the technique of single-loop anastomosis duodeno-jejunal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADJB-SG) and compare with other gastric bypass surgeries. Fifty morbid obese patients underwent our novel procedure, laparoscopic SADJB-S from 2011 to 2013. Operative complication, weight loss, and diabetes remission were followed. All procedures were completed laparoscopically. The mean operative time was 181.7 ± 38.4 min, and the mean hospital stay was 3.8 days. Three minor early complications (6 %) were encountered but no major complication was noted. There was no significant difference in perioperative parameters between the SADJB-SG and gastric bypass except a longer operation time. The mean BMI decreased from 38.4 to 25.4 at 1 year after surgery with a mean weight loss of 32.7 % which is higher than gastric bypass. Laparoscopic SADJB-SG appears to be an ideal metabolic/bariatric surgery, whereas the efficacy is non-inferior to gastric bypass.
Obesity Surgery 08/2013; 24(1). DOI:10.1007/s11695-013-1067-z · 3.75 Impact Factor
Christine M Peat, Susan C Kleiman, Cynthia M Bulik, Ian M Carroll
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