Article

Performance enhancement with low stress and anxiety modulated by cognitive flexibility.

Department of Psychiatry, Chung Ang University Medical School, Seoul, Korea.
Psychiatry investigation (Impact Factor: 1.06). 09/2011; 8(3):221-6. DOI: 10.4306/pi.2011.8.3.221
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare cognitive flexibility abilities, stress, and anxiety between starters and non-starter athletes.
A total of 30 male professional-soccer and 40 professional-baseball athletes were recruited. Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) and Trail Making Test A & B (TMT A & B) were administered to assess cognitive flexibility during competition. The Korean version of the STAI form Y (STAI-KY) and Visual analogue scale for anxiety and stress were used to assess the anxiety and stress.
The starter group had better cognitive function (fewer perseverative errors and rapid TMTB times) (Z=3.32, p<0.01; Z=2.20, p=0.03, respectively) and lower stress and anxiety (F=4.34, p=0.01; F=6.61, p<0.01, respectively) during competition than the non-starter group.
The better cognitive performances were negatively correlated with stress and anxiety. Current results suggested that cognitive flexibility would enhance human performance by modulation of the anxiety and stress during competition.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
111 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The study of stress and coping points to two concepts central to an understanding of the response to trauma: approach and avoidance. This pair of concepts refers to two basic modes of coping with stress. Approach and avoidance are simply metaphors for cognitive and emotional activity that is oriented either toward or away from threat. An approach-avoidance model of coping is presented in the context of contemporary theoretical approaches to coping. The research literature on coping effectiveness, including evidence from our laboratory, is discussed, and speculations are made about the implications for future research.
    American Psychologist 08/1986; 41(7):813-9. · 6.87 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Reviews several studies of the development and validation of the Test of Attentional and Interpersonal Style (TAIS). The TAIS was developed in an attempt to respond to the criticisms that assessment procedures (a) have little predictive utility, (b) fail to lead to the selection of particular treatment approaches, (c) do not take into account situational variables, and (d) are not based on a sound theoretical or conceptual base. A summary of research efforts indicates that the test has good test-retest reliability as well as some construct and predictive validity. An advantage of the TAIS relative to other psychological measures is that its test profile describes particular attentional and interpersonal characteristics. These characteristics are operationally definable, and they permit prediction of performance across a variety of life situations. (19 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 08/1976; 34(3):394-404. · 5.08 Impact Factor
  • Advances in pharmacology (San Diego, Calif.) 02/1998; 42:556-60.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
14 Downloads
Available from
Jun 11, 2014