Left atrial dimension and risk of stroke in women without atrial fibrillation: the Chin-Shan Community Cardiovascular Cohort study.
ABSTRACT Evidence on the relationship between left atrial dimension and cardiovascular events is inconclusive. We explored the association between left atrial dimension and stroke and all-cause death in an ethnic Chinese population.
We recruited 1,937 subjects undertaking echocardiographic examination without prior atrial fibrillation/stroke in the Chin-Shan Community Cardiovascular Cohort study. Left atrial dimension indexed by body mass index was used as left atrial dimension index (LADI) for analysis. The end points were stroke and all-cause death. A multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to estimate the relative risks between participants stratified by tertile of LADI within each gender.
During a median follow-up of 11.9 years, 21,733 person-years were accrued and 114 subjects with stroke and 364 all-cause deaths were identified. The adjusted relative risk of stroke was 2.44 (95% CI, 1.11 to 5.36, P for trend = 0.029) among women in the upper tertile of LADI compared with women in the lower tertile of LADI. Further adjusting for left ventricular mass index attenuated the relationship of LADI to stroke (adjusted relative risk 2.11, 95% CI, 0.88 to 5.02, P for trend = 0.09). In men, tertile of LADI was not associated with stroke. LADI was not associated with risk of all-cause death in both genders.
We found an association between increased LADI and incident stroke in women but not in men in this ethnic Chinese population. LADI was not associated with all-cause death in both genders.