Article

RIBBON-2: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase III Trial Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Bevacizumab in Combination With Chemotherapy for Second-Line Treatment of Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

University of Pittsburgh, 300 Halket St, Suite 4628, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
Journal of Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 17.88). 11/2011; 29(32):4286-93. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2010.34.1255
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This phase III study compared the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab combined with standard chemotherapy regimens versus chemotherapy alone as second-line treatment of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -negative metastatic breast cancer.
Patients were randomly assigned 2:1 to chemotherapy + bevacizumab or to chemotherapy + placebo. Before random assignment, investigators chose capecitabine, a taxane (paclitaxel, nab-paclitaxel, or docetaxel), gemcitabine, or vinorelbine. Dosing for bevacizumab or placebo was 15 mg/kg every 3 weeks or 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks, depending on chemotherapy regimen. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary end points included overall survival, PFS by chemotherapy cohort, objective response rate (ORR), duration of objective response, 1-year survival rate, and safety.
RIBBON-2 enrolled 684 patients (225, chemotherapy + placebo; 459, chemotherapy + bevacizumab). The combination of bevacizumab with chemotherapy demonstrated a statistically significant benefit. Median PFS increased from 5.1 to 7.2 months (stratified hazard ratio for PFS, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.64 to 0.93; P = .0072). The 10% improvement in ORR between the placebo- and bevacizumab-containing arms (39.5% v 29.6%; P = .0193), although not statistically significant, was consistent with previous trials. There was no statistically significant difference in overall survival. The most common grade ≥ 3 adverse events (AEs) related to bevacizumab treatment were hypertension (9.0%) and proteinuria (3.1%). There was an increased number of AEs leading to study discontinuation in the chemotherapy + bevacizumab arm compared with the chemotherapy + placebo arm (13.3% v 7.2%).
The combination of bevacizumab with commonly used chemotherapies improved PFS in the second-line treatment of patients with HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer, with a safety profile comparable with that in prior phase III studies.

2 Followers
 · 
114 Views
  • Source
    American Journal Of Pathology 10/2013; 8(4). DOI:10.1016/j.ajpath.2013.07.005 · 4.60 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of cancer morbidity and mortality worldwide. Bevacizumab plays an important role in the treatment of metastatic CRC (mCRC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of chemotherapy plus bevacizumab as first-line treatment in patients with mCRC. Randomized-controlled clinical trials comparing the efficacy of chemotherapy plus bevacizumab or chemotherapy alone in patients with mCRC were searched using the following electronic database of PubMed, Medline, Embase and CNKI. Total 9 trials, containing 1843 patients in chemotherapy plus bevacizumab group and 1741 patients in chemotherapy alone group, were included. Our results showed that chemotherapy plus bevacizumab statistically increased the Overall response rate (ORR) in patients with mCRC (OR = 1.57, 95% CI = 1.17-2.11, P = 0.003) in a random-effects model. The complete response rate and partial response rate were statistically increased as well (P ≤ 0.05). Subgroup analysis by bevacizumab dosage found that bevacizumab 5 mg/kg statistically increased the ORR. Significant differences were found in PFS (HR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.46-0.69, P < 0.00001) and OS (HR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.76-0.91, P < 0.0001) as well. No significant difference was found in adverse events. Overall, the combination of chemotherapy and bevacizumab as first-line treatment is an effective and well-tolerated regimen for patients with mCRC.
    International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 01/2015; 8(1):1434-45. · 1.42 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Brain metastasis is an end stage in breast cancer progression. Traditional treatment options have minimal efficacy, and overall survival is on the order of months. The incidence of brain metastatic disease is increasing with the improved management of systemic disease and prolongation of survival. Unfortunately, the targeted therapies that control systemic disease have diminished efficacy against brain lesions. There are reasons to be optimistic, however, as emerging therapies have shown promise in preclinical and early clinical settings. This review discusses recent advances in breast cancer brain metastasis therapy and potential approaches for successful treatment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Cancer Cell 02/2015; 27(2):163-175. DOI:10.1016/j.ccell.2015.01.001 · 23.89 Impact Factor