Human chorionic-plate-derived mesenchymal stem cells and Wharton’s jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells: a comparative analysis of their potential as placenta-derived stem cells. Cell Tissue Res
ABSTRACT Placenta-derived stem cells (PDSCs) have gained interest as an alternative source of stem cells for regenerative medicine because of their potential for self-renewal and differentiation and their immunomodulatory properties. Although many studies have characterized various PDSCs biologically, the properties of the self-renewal and differentiation potential among PDSCs have not yet been directly compared. We consider the characterization of chorionic-plate-derived mesenchymal stem cells (CP-MSCs) and Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (WJ-MSCs) among various PDSCs and the assessment of their differentiation potential to be important for future studies into the applicability and effectiveness of PDSCs in cell therapy. In the present study, the capacities for self-renewal and multipotent differentiation of CP-MSCs and WJ-MSC isolated from normal term placentas were compared. CP-MSCs and WJ-MSCs expressed mRNAs for the pluripotent stem cell markers Oct-4, Nanog, and Sox-2. Additionally, HLA-G for immunomodulatory effects was found to be expressed at both the mRNA and protein levels in both cell types. The CP-MSCs and WJ-MSCs also had the capacities to differentiate into cells of mesodermal (adipogenic and osteogenic) and endodermal (hepatogenic) lineages. Expression of adipogenesis-related genes was higher in CP-MSCs than in WJ-MSCs, whereas WJ-MSCs accumulated more mineralized matrix than CP-MSCs. The WJ-MSCs expressed more of CYP3A4 mRNA, a marker for mature hepatocytes, than CP-MSCs. Thus, we propose that CP-MSCs and WJ-MSCs are useful sources of cells for appropriate clinical applications in the treatment of various degenerative diseases.
- SourceAvailable from: Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard
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- "Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC- MSCs) not only possess adult stem cell markers CD73, CD90, and CD105 for which a large consensus exists, but they also show a number of ESC properties; actually, they express human ESC markers such as Tra-1-60, Tra-1-81, SSEA-1 (stage-specific embryonic antigen-1), SSEA-4, alkaline phosphatase, and even markers from embryoid bodies in vitro (Carlin et al. 2006). Moreover, UC-MSCs at relatively lower levels, express the pluripotency markers Oct-4, Sox-2, and Nanog (La Rocca et al. 2009; Karahuseyinoglu et al. 2007; Kim et al. 2011). So, UC-MSCs possess higher multipotency than other MSCs such as bone marrow (BM) or fat-derived MSCs (Fong et al. 2011). "
ABSTRACT: Adult stem cells are of particular importance for applications in regenerative medicine. Umbilical cord was established recently as an alternative source of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) instead of bone marrow (BM) and is superior to BM and other adult tissues according to several MSC properties. Additionally, for the purpose of cell therapy in clinical scale, steps of cell isolation, expansion and culture required to be precisely adjusted in order to obtain the most cost-effective, least time-consuming, and least labor-intensive method. Therefore, in this study, we are going to compare two simple and cost-effective explant culture methods for isolation of MSCs from human umbilical cord. One of the methods isolates cells from entire cord and the other from Wharton's jelly matrix. Isolated cells then cultured in simple medium without addition of any growth factor. MSCs obtained via both methods display proper and similar characteristics according to morphology, population doubling time, post-thaw survival, surface antigenicity and differentiation into adipocytes, osteocytes, and chondrocytes. MSCs can easily be obtained from the entire cord and Wharton's jelly, and it seems that both tissues are appropriate sources of stem cells for potential use in regenerative medicine. However, from technical largescale preview, MSC isolation from entire cord piece is less labor-intensive and time-consuming than from Wharton's jelly part of the cord.Cell and Tissue Banking 02/2014; 15(4). DOI:10.1007/s10561-014-9425-1 · 1.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The translational potential of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) is limited by their rarity in somatic organs, heterogeneity, and need for harvest by invasive procedures. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) could be an advantageous source of MSCs, but attempts to derive MSCs from pluripotent cells have required cumbersome or untranslatable techniques, such as coculture, physical manipulation, sorting, or viral transduction. We devised a single-step method to direct mesengenic differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and iPSCs using a small molecule inhibitor. First, epithelial-like monolayer cells were generated by culturing ESCs/iPSCs in serum-free medium containing the transforming growth factor-β pathway inhibitor SB431542. After 10 days, iPSCs showed upregulation of mesodermal genes (MSX2, NCAM, HOXA2) and downregulation of pluripotency genes (OCT4, LEFTY1/2). Differentiation was then completed by transferring cells into conventional MSC medium. The resultant development of MSC-like morphology was associated with increased expression of genes, reflecting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. Both ESC- and iPSC-derived MSCs exhibited a typical MSC immunophenotype, expressed high levels of vimentin and N-cadherin, and lacked expression of pluripotency markers at the protein level. Robust osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation was induced in vitro in ES-MSCs and iPS-MSCs, whereas adipogenic differentiation was limited, as reported for primitive fetal MSCs and ES-MSCs derived by other methods. We conclude that treatment with SB431542 in two-dimensional cultures followed by culture-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition leads to rapid and uniform MSC conversion of human pluripotent cells without the need for embryoid body formation or feeder cell coculture, providing a robust, clinically applicable, and efficient system for generating MSCs from human iPSCs.STEM CELLS TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE 02/2012; 1(2):83-95. DOI:10.5966/sctm.2011-0022 · 3.60 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are powerful sources for cell therapy in regenerative medicine. The capability to obtain effective stem cell-derived hepatocytes would improve cell therapy for liver diseases. Recently, various placenta-derived stem cells (PDSCs) depending on the localization of placenta have been suggested as alternative sources of stem cells are similar to bone marrow-derived MSC (BM-MSCs) and adipose-derived MSC (AD-MSCs). However, comparative studies for the potentials of the hepatogenic differentiation among various MSCs largely lacking. Therefore, we investigated to compare the potentials for hepatogenic differentiation of PDSCs with BM-MSCs, AD-MSCs, and UCB-MSCs. Several MSCs were isolated from human term placenta, adipose tissue, and umbilical cord blood and characterized isolated MSCs and BM-MSCs was performed by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and special stains after mesodermal differentiation. The hepatogenic potential of PDSCs was compared with AD-MSCs, UCB-MSCs, and BM-MSCs using RT-PCR, PAS stain, ICG up-take assays, albumin expression, urea production, and cytokine assays. MSCs isolated from different tissues all presented similar characteristics of MSCs. However, the proliferative potential of PDSCs and the expression of hepatogenic markers in differentiated PDSCs were higher than other MSCs. Interestingly, the expression of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) increased in PDSCs after hepatogenic differentiation. Interestingly, stem cell factor (SCF) expression in chorionic plate-derived MSCs, one of the PDSCs, was significantly higher than in the other PDSCs. Taken together, the results of the present study suggest that MSCs isolated from various adult tissues can be induced to undergo hepatogenic differentiation in vitro, and that PDSCs may have the greatest potential for hepatogenic differentiation and proliferation. Therefore, PDSCs could be used as a stem cell source for cell therapy in liver diseases.Differentiation 08/2012; 84(3):223-31. DOI:10.1016/j.diff.2012.05.007 · 2.84 Impact Factor