Article

Comparison of four bioindication methods for assessing the degree of environmental lead and cadmium pollution.

Botanical Garden-Center for Conservation of Biological Diversity, Polish Academy of Science, Warsaw, Poland.
Journal of hazardous materials (Impact Factor: 4.33). 12/2011; 197:109-18. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.09.062
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to assess the application of several bioindication methods for the monitoring of environmental pollution from Pb and Cd. The study area centered on the town of Olkusz, Poland, which is one of the oldest centers for the metallurgical industry in Europe. The assessment of environmental pollution due to metals was performed using four frequently used bioindication methods: moss-bag (Sphagnum fallax), determination of metal accumulation in Pleurozium schreberi, silver birch foliage, and Scots pine needles. The region of Olkusz, and especially the area surrounding the mining and metallurgical Bolesław complex, was extremely contaminated with Pb and Cd. The results of the investigations are presented as contamination deposition maps. Despite the application of various methods and the resulting diversity of the specific exposure periods for different biomonitors, the spatial distribution of contamination shown on the maps was similar, as confirmed by the statistical analysis of the results.

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