Failure tolerance of spike phase synchronization in coupled neural networks.
ABSTRACT Neuronal synchronization plays an important role in the various functionality of nervous system such as binding, cognition, information processing, and computation. In this paper, we investigated how random and intentional failures in the nodes of a network influence its phase synchronization properties. We considered both artificially constructed networks using models such as preferential attachment, Watts-Strogatz, and Erdős-Rényi as well as a number of real neuronal networks. The failure strategy was either random or intentional based on properties of the nodes such as degree, clustering coefficient, betweenness centrality, and vulnerability. Hindmarsh-Rose model was considered as the mathematical model for the individual neurons, and the phase synchronization of the spike trains was monitored as a function of the percentage∕number of removed nodes. The numerical simulations were supplemented by considering coupled non-identical Kuramoto oscillators. Failures based on the clustering coefficient, i.e., removing the nodes with high values of the clustering coefficient, had the least effect on the spike synchrony in all of the networks. This was followed by errors where the nodes were removed randomly. However, the behavior of the other three attack strategies was not uniform across the networks, and different strategies were the most influential in different network structure.