Physicians Cite Hurdles Ranging From Lack Of Coverage To Poor Communication In Providing High-Quality Care To Latinos
ABSTRACT We surveyed physicians about their ability to provide high-quality care to patients from diverse ethnic backgrounds. Primarily, we wanted to explore the challenges faced by physicians treating Latino patients compared to physicians whose patients were primarily white and non-Latino. We found that physicians treating Latinos, particularly those who worked in primary care in comparison to specialists, were less likely than physicians treating primarily white patients to believe in their ability to provide high-quality care. They cited problems of inadequate time with patients, patients' ability to pay, patients' nonadherence to recommended treatment, difficulties communicating with patients, relative lack of specialist availability, and lack of timely transmission of reports among physicians. Insurance expansions and complementary reforms mandated by the Affordable Care Act of 2010 and other recent legislation should aid physicians in closing some of these gaps in quality.
- SourceAvailable from: InTechPrimary Care at a Glance - Hot Topics and New Insights., 03/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-51-0539-8
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ABSTRACT: CONTEXT: Understanding cancer patients' preferences in decisional roles is important in providing quality care and ensuring patient satisfaction. There is a lack of evidence on decisional control preferences (DCPs) of Hispanic Americans, the fastest growing population in the U.S. OBJECTIVES: The primary aims of this study were to describe DCPs of Hispanics with advanced cancer in the U.S. (HUSs) and compare the frequency of passive DCP in this population with that of Hispanics with advanced cancer in Latin America (HLAs). METHODS: We conducted a prospective survey of patients with advanced cancer referred to outpatient palliative care clinics in the U.S., Chile, Argentina, and Guatemala. Information was collected on sociodemographic variables, Karnofsky Performance Scale scores, acculturation (Marin Acculturation Assessment Tool), and DCP (Control Preference Scale). Chi-square tests were used to determine the differences in DCPs between HUSs and HLAs. RESULTS: A total of 387 patients were surveyed: 91 in the U.S., 100 in Chile, 94 in Guatemala, and 99 in Argentina. The median age of HUSs was 56 years, 59% were female, and the median Karnofsky Performance Scale score was 60; the corresponding values for HLAs were 60 years, 60%, and 80. HLAs used passive DCP strategies significantly more frequently than HUSs did with regard to the involvement of the family (24% vs. 10%; P=0.009) or the physician (35% vs. 16%; P<0.001), even after age and education were controlled for. Eighty-three percent of HUSs and 82% of HLAs preferred family involvement in decision making (P=non-significant). No significant differences were found in DCPs between poorly and highly acculturated HUSs (P=0.91). CONCLUSION: HUSs had more active DCPs than HLAs did. Among HUSs, acculturation did not seem to play a role in DCP determination. Our findings confirm the importance of family participation for both HUSs and HLAs. However, HUSs were less likely to want family members to make decisions on their behalf.Journal of pain and symptom management 11/2012; DOI:10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2012.08.015 · 2.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: /st>Factors associated with treatment compliance have been well studied. However, no study has examined treatment compliance under the context of physician-industry relationship. This study developed a conceptual framework of physician-industry relationship and treatment compliance, and empirically tested patients' treatment compliance and affordability under the physician-industry relationship in the USA. DESIGN: /st>We first proposed a conceptual framework to analyze different scenarios, where the physician-industry relationship could impact patients' treatment compliance and affordability, taking into consideration the role of health insurers. We then employed a nationally representative data set to investigate these relationships. Multivariable logistic regressions were employed to examine the physician-industry relationship and the physicians' perception of patients' treatment compliance. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: /st>2008 Health Tracking Physician Survey. RESULTS: /st>Our results showed that physicians with closer industry relationships were more likely to report rejection of care by insurers [odds ratios (ORs): 1.24-1.85, P < 0.001], patients' non-compliance with treatment (OR: 1.34, P < 0.01) and patients' inability to pay (OR: 1.42, P < 0.01) as the major problems affecting their ability to provide high quality care, when compared with physicians without industry relationships. CONCLUSIONS: /st>Our results shed light on the lack of articulation among industry, physicians and health insurers in the USA. It is important to make sure that different agents in the health-care marketplace, such as physicians, industry, and health insurers, coordinate more efficiently to provide quality and consistent care to patients.International Journal for Quality in Health Care 02/2013; DOI:10.1093/intqhc/mzt017 · 1.58 Impact Factor