Nurses and physicians may experience ethical conflict when there is a difference between their own values, their professional values or the values of their organization. The distribution of limited health care resources can be a major source of ethical conflict. Relatively few studies have examined nurses' and physicians' ethical conflict with organizations. This study examined the research question 'What are the organizational ethical conflicts that hospital nurses and physicians experience in their practice?' We interviewed 34 registered nurses, 10 nurse managers, and 31 physicians as part of a larger study, and asked them to describe their ethical conflicts with organizations. Through content analysis, we identified themes of nurses' and physicians' ethical conflict with organizations and compared the themes for nurses with those for physicians.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, the mediating role of emotional intelligence in the effect of transformational leadership and strategic leadership on ethical climate was investigated. The research was executed in 4 different hospitals among 200 healthcare employees in the province of Konya, in Turkey. In the consequences of the research, strategic leadership influences the ethical climate and emotional intelligence has a mediating role in the relationship between strategic leadership and ethical climate. It is also determined that emotional intelligence has designated ethical climate. It is concluded that transformational leadership has not determined the ethical climate and emotional intelligence has no statistically significant mediating effect on the correlation between transformational leadership and ethical climate.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This manuscript proposes a proactive framework for preventing or mitigating disruptive ethical conflicts that often result from delayed or avoided conversations about the ethics of care. Four components of the framework are explained and illustrated with evidenced-based actions. Clinical implications of adopting a prevention-based, system-wide ethics framework are discussed. While some aspects of ethically-difficult situations are unique, system patterns allow some issues to occur repeatedly-often with lingering effects such as healthcare providers' disengagement and moral distress (McAndrew et al. Journal of Trauma Nursing 18(4):221-230, 2011), compromised inter-professional relationships (Rosenstein and O'Daniel American Journal of Nursing, 105(1):54-64, 2005), weakened ethical climates (Pauly et al. HEC Forum 24:1-11, 2012), and patient safety concerns (Cimiotti et al. American Journal of Infection Control 40:486-490, 2012). This work offers healthcare providers and clinical ethicists a framework for developing a comprehensive set of proactive, ethics-specific, and evidence-based strategies for mitigating ethical conflicts. Furthermore, the framework aims to encourage innovative research and novel ways of collaborating to reduce such conflicts and the moral distress that often results.
HEC Forum 05/2013; 25(3). DOI:10.1007/s10730-013-9213-5
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study aimed to explore the subjective need of healthcare professionals for ethics consultation, their experience with ethical conflicts, and expectations and objections toward a Clinical Ethics Committee. Staff at a university hospital took part in a survey (January to June 2010) using a questionnaire with open and closed questions. Descriptive data for physicians and nurses (response rate = 13.5%, n = 101) are presented. Physicians and nurses reported similar high frequencies of ethical conflicts but rated the relevance of ethical issues differently. Nurses stated ethical issues as less important to physicians than to themselves. Ethical conflicts were mostly discussed with staff from one's own profession. Respondents predominantly expected the Clinical Ethics Committee to provide competent support. Mostly, nurses feared it might have no influence on clinical practice. Findings suggest that experiences of ethical conflicts might reflect interprofessional communication patterns. Expectations and objections against Clinical Ethics Committees were multifaceted, and should be overcome by providing sufficient information. The Clinical Ethics Committee needs to take different perspectives of professions into account.
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