Article

Genome-wide association study of coronary artery disease in the Japanese

Department of Gene Diagnostics and Therapeutics, Research Institute, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
European journal of human genetics: EJHG (Impact Factor: 4.23). 03/2012; 20(3):333-40. DOI: 10.1038/ejhg.2011.184
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A new understanding of the genetic basis of coronary artery disease (CAD) has recently emerged from genome-wide association (GWA) studies of common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), thus far performed mostly in European-descent populations. To identify novel susceptibility gene variants for CAD and confirm those previously identified mostly in populations of European descent, a multistage GWA study was performed in the Japanese. In the discovery phase, we first genotyped 806 cases and 1337 controls with 451 382 SNP markers and subsequently assessed 34 selected SNPs with direct genotyping (541 additional cases) and in silico comparison (964 healthy controls). In the replication phase, involving 3052 cases and 6335 controls, 12 SNPs were tested; CAD association was replicated and/or verified for 4 (of 12) SNPs from 3 loci: near BRAP and ALDH2 on 12q24 (P=1.6 × 10(-34)), HLA-DQB1 on 6p21 (P=4.7 × 10(-7)), and CDKN2A/B on 9p21 (P=6.1 × 10(-16)). On 12q24, we identified the strongest association signal with the strength of association substantially pronounced for a subgroup of myocardial infarction cases (P=1.4 × 10(-40)). On 6p21, an HLA allele, DQB1(*)0604, could show one of the most prominent association signals in an ∼8-Mb interval that encompasses the LTA gene, where an association with myocardial infarction had been reported in another Japanese study. CAD association was also identified at CDKN2A/B, as previously reported in different populations of European descent and Asians. Thus, three loci confirmed in the Japanese GWA study highlight the likely presence of risk alleles with two types of genetic effects - population specific and common - on susceptibility to CAD.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Eitaro Nakashima, Jul 06, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
382 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The concept of “systems biology” is raised by Hood in 1999. It means studying all components with a systematic view. Systems biomedicine is the application of systems biology in medicine. It studies all components in a whole system and aims to reveal the patho-physiologic mechanisms of disease. In recent years, with the development of both theory and technology, systems biomedicine has become feasible and popular. In this review, we will talk about applications of some methods of omics in systems biomedicine, including genomics, metabolomics (proteomics, lipidomics, glycomics), and epigenomics. We will particularly talk about microbiomics and omics for common diseases, two fields which are developed rapidly recently. We also give some bioinformatics related methods and databases which are used in the field of systems biomedicine. At last, some examples that illustrate the whole biological system will be given, and development for systems biomedicine in China and the prospect for systems biomedicine will be talked about.
    06/2013; 1(2). DOI:10.1007/s40484-013-0009-z
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes (2DM), obesity, and coronary artery disease (CAD) are frequently coexisted being as key components of metabolic syndrome. Whether there is shared genetic background underlying these diseases remained unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of 35 genome screens for 2DM, 36 for obesity or body mass index (BMI)-defined obesity, and 21 for CAD using genome search meta-analysis (GSMA), which combines linkage results to identify regions with only weak evidence and provide genetic interactions among different diseases. For each study, 120 genomic bins of approximately 30 cM were defined and ranked according to the best linkage evidence within each bin. For each disease, bin 6.2 achieved genomic significanct evidence, and bin 9.3, 10.5, 16.3 reached suggestive level for 2DM. Bin 11.2 and 16.3, and bin 10.5 and 9.3, reached suggestive evidence for obesity and CAD respectively. In pooled all three diseases, bin 9.3 and 6.5 reached genomic significant and suggestive evidence respectively, being relatively much weaker for 2DM/CAD or 2DM/obesity or CAD/obesity. Further, genomewide significant evidence was observed of bin 16.3 and 4.5 for 2DM/obesity, which is decreased when CAD was added. These findings indicated that bin 9.3 and 6.5 are most likely to be shared by 2DM, obesity and CAD. And bin 16.3 and 4.5 are potentially common regions to 2DM and obesity only. The observed shared susceptibility regions imply a partly overlapping genetic aspects of disease development. Fine scanning of these regions will definitely identify more susceptibility genes and causal variants.
    Cardiovascular Diabetology 06/2012; 11:68. DOI:10.1186/1475-2840-11-68 · 3.71 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We performed a meta-analysis of 2 genome-wide association studies of coronary artery disease comprising 1,515 cases and 5,019 controls followed by replication studies in 15,460 cases and 11,472 controls, all of Chinese Han ancestry. We identify four new loci for coronary artery disease that reached the threshold of genome-wide significance (P < 5 × 10(-8)). These loci mapped in or near TTC32-WDR35, GUCY1A3, C6orf10-BTNL2 and ATP2B1. We also replicated four loci previously identified in European populations (in or near PHACTR1, TCF21, CDKN2A-CDKN2B and C12orf51). These findings provide new insights into pathways contributing to the susceptibility for coronary artery disease in the Chinese Han population.
    Nature Genetics 07/2012; 44(8):890-4. DOI:10.1038/ng.2337 · 29.65 Impact Factor