Investigation of lipid composition of dissected sentinel lymph nodes of breast cancer patients by 7T proton MR spectroscopy.
ABSTRACT To determine lipid composition of excised healthy and metastatic sentinel lymph nodes of breast cancer patients, as lipids are a potential discriminatory marker for malignancy.
Ten breast cancer patients undergoing surgical nodal staging were included. (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopic images (MRSI) were acquired without water and lipid suppression (resolution 3.0 × 3.0 × 5.0 mm(3)). MRSI was compared to histopathology. Six groups of lipid resonances (5.4-5.2, 4.3-4.1, 2.8, 2.3-2.0, 1.6-1.3, 0.9 ppm) were identified. The intensity ratios of the total of these resonances to this total including the water resonance and of each lipid resonance to the total of all lipid resonances were determined. For statistical analysis, a mixed model was applied after logistic transformation. The results were expressed as ratios of the median values of these lipid compositions in metastatic to benign nodes.
In all, 6/32 (19%) of the excised nodes contained metastases. The ratios of the lipid resonances 5.4-5.2, 4.3-4.1, 2.8, 2.3-2.0, 1.6-1.3, 0.9 ppm between metastatic vs. benign were 0.3, 1.2, 0.2, 0.2, 1.2, and 0.9, respectively. Only the ratios of signals from unsaturated fatty acids to the total lipid signal differed significantly.
Metastatic axillary lymph nodes contained fewer unsaturated fatty acids than benign nodes. 7T (1)H-MRS may be useful for detecting axillary breast cancer metastases.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to implement a diffusion-weighted sequence for visualisation of mobile lipid resonances (MLR) using high resolution magic angle spinning (HR-MAS) (1)H MRS and to evaluate its use in establishing differences between tissues from patients with cervical carcinoma that contain cancer from those that do not. A stimulated echo sequence with bipolar gradients was modified to allow T(1) and T(2) measurements and optimised by recording signal loss in HR-MAS spectra as a function of gradient strength in model lipids and tissues. Diffusion coefficients, T(1) and apparent T(2) relaxation times were measured in model lipid systems. MLR profiles were characterised in relation to T(1) and apparent T(2) relaxation in human cervical cancer tissue samples. Diffusion-weighted (DW) spectra of cervical biopsies were quantified and peak areas analysed using linear discriminant analysis (LDA). The optimised sequence reduced spectral overlap by suppressing signals originating from low molecular weight metabolites and non-lipid contributions. Significantly improved MLR visualisation allowed visualisation of peaks at 0.9, 1.3, 1.6, 2.0, 2.3, 2.8, 4.3 and 5.3 ppm. MLR analysis of DW spectra showed at least six peaks arising from saturated and unsaturated lipids and those arising from triglycerides. Significant differences in samples containing histologically confirmed cancer were seen for peaks at 0.9 (p < 0.006), 1.3 (p < 0.04), 2.0 (p < 0.03), 2.8 (p < 0.003) and 4.3 ppm (p < 0.0002). LDA analysis of MLR peaks from DW spectra almost completely separated two clusters of cervical biopsies (cancer, 'no-cancer'), reflecting underlying differences in MLR composition. Generated Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves and calculated area under the curve (0.962) validated high sensitivity and specificity of the technique. Diffusion-weighting of HR-MAS spectroscopic sequences is a useful method for characterising MLR in cancer tissues and displays an accumulation of lipids arising during tumourigenesis and an increase in the unsaturated lipid and triglyceride peaks with respect to saturated MLR.NMR in Biomedicine 12/2010; 23(4):382-90. · 3.45 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Natural abundance 13C NMR was used to determine relative amounts of fatty acid subclasses present in fibroadipose tissue from the human breast in healthy and cancer patients and in breast carcinoma tissue. Resonances corresponding to the carbon atoms of triacylglycerides were obtained when adipose tissue constituted more than 10% of the carcinoma. Resonances corresponding to phospholipids and proteins were also observed when the percentage of adipose tissue was lower. No significant difference between the levels of unsaturated fatty acids in adipose tissue from cancer and non-cancer patients was found. However, significant differences in the levels of monounsaturated and saturated fatty acids of carcinoma compared to non-cancerous tissue was found, as was a nearly significant difference for the levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids in these two tissue types. These findings suggest an alteration of cellular lipid composition in neoplastic mammary tissue.British Journal of Cancer 09/1993; 68(2):336-41. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We assessed the utility of enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) in the evaluation of axillary lymph node metastases in patients with breast cancer. MR examination of the axilla was performed before and 24-36 h after USPIO administration for patients with stage II or III breast cancer. Diagnostic performance was compared using size criteria (metastasis was defined when short axis diameter >5 or >10mm) or morphologic criteria on conventional MRI, the combined study of USPIO precontrast and postcontrast images, and USPIO postcontrast study alone. A total of 622 nodes (503 metastatic and 119 nonmetastatic nodes) were dissected from 33 patients. The results of conventional MRI for nodes >5mm were 59.1% sensitivity, 86.7% specificity, and 80.4% overall accuracy. Results for nodes >10mm were 15.7% sensitivity, 99.2% specificity, and 80.2% overall accuracy. Results based on morphology were 36.5% sensitivity, 94.1% specificity, and 81.0% overall accuracy. The results of the combined study of USPIO precontrast and postcontrast images were 86.4% sensitivity, 97.5% specificity, 91.1% positive predictive value, 96.1% negative predictive value, and 95.0% overall accuracy. The results of USPIO postcontrast images alone were 84.7% sensitivity, 96.8% specificity, and 94.0% overall accuracy. Patient-based results of postcontrast USPIO study alone were 100.0% sensitivity, 80.0% specificity, and 93.9% overall accuracy. USPIO postcontrast study alone was useful in the assessment of axillary lymph node metastases in patients with breast cancer.European Journal of Radiology 09/2007; 63(3):401-7. · 2.51 Impact Factor