ABSTRACT Femoroacetabular impingement is a well-documented cause of hip pain. There is, however, increasing evidence for the presence of a previously unrecognised impingement-type condition around the hip - ischiofemoral impingement. This is caused by abnormal contact between the lesser trochanter of the femur and the ischium, and presents as atypical groin and/or posterior buttock pain. The symptoms are gradual in onset and may be similar to those of iliopsoas tendonitis, hamstring injury or bursitis. The presence of ischiofemoral impingement may be indicated by pain caused by a combination of hip extension, adduction and external rotation. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates inflammation and oedema in the ischiofemoral space and quadratus femoris, and is distinct from an acute tear. To date this has only appeared in the specialist orthopaedic literature as a problem that has developed after total hip replacement, not in the unreplaced joint.
Article: Atypical hip impingement.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. This article summarizes how atypical forms of hip impingement can be assessed with radiographs, CT, and MRI. CONCLUSION. Subspine impingement, ischiofemoral impingement, and iliopsoas impingement are atypical forms of hip impingement and are less common than classic femoroacetabular impingement. Additional forms of atypical impingement, such as abnormal femoral antetorsion, abnormal pelvic and acetabular tilt, and extreme hip motion, can occur combined with classic femoroacetabular impingement or as separate entities.American Journal of Roentgenology 09/2013; 201(3):W437-42. · 2.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ischiofemoral impingement syndrome is an uncommon disorder defined by hip pain caused by the narrowing of the space between the ischial tuberosity and lesser trochanter with associated entrapment of the quadratus femoris muscle. We effectively treated two male patients using ultrasound-guided prolotherapy with polydeoxyribonucleotide sodium mixed with local anesthetics. A 24-year-old male patient with no history of trauma or surgery complained of bilateral hip and groin pain; magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated slight narrowing of the bilateral ischiofemoral spaces with mild enhancement of the left quadratus femoris muscle. A 23-year-old male patient with a history of iliotibial band release and iliopsoas tendon release complained of left hip and groin pain; magnetic resonance imaging revealed swelling of the left quadratus femoris muscle. After the fifth treatment session of prolotherapy, the pain severity score using the visual analog scale was found to be minimal (0–1/10), and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging revealed a slightly decreased enhancement of the quadratus femoris muscle compared with that on previous images. Prolotherapy with polydeoxyribonucleotide sodium was an efficacious treatment for two patients with ischiofemoral impingement syndrome who were not candidates for surgery.Pain Practice 04/2014; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this video article is to demonstrate sonographic anatomy at the posterior hip and to describe a number of diagnostic and therapeutic interventions that may be performed at this location with sonographic guidance. Injection techniques at the piriformis muscle, ischial bursa, hamstring origin, and ischiofemoral space are described and demonstrated. CONCLUSION. Ultrasound is well adapted to the evaluation and treatment of conditions encountered at the posterior hip. Sonographic guidance is a useful tool that allows a trained operator to safely and effectively perform a range of injections.AJR. American journal of roentgenology. 06/2014; 202(6):W551.