TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and weight gain in patients with schizophrenia under long-term clozapine, risperidone or olanzapine treatment.
ABSTRACT Atypical or second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) are associated with excessive body weight gain (BWG) and other components of metabolic syndrome. Among all SGAs, clozapine and olanzapine are known to cause the most significant weight gain, followed by risperidone and quetiapine. The genetic variant of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), -308 G>A polymorphism (rs1800629), has been implicated in clozapine-induced BWG in several studies. We hypothesized that TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism has a general effect on SGA-induced BWG. The present study was conducted to examine the association between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and BWG during treatment for schizophrenia using a variety of second generation antipsychotics (SGAs). A total of 500 patients with schizophrenia treated with clozapine (n=275), olanzapine (n=79) or risperidone (n=146) for an average of 49.9 months were recruited. Subjects with an increase in weight of more than 7% from the baseline before the current SGA treatment to the weight at the survey point were defined as having BWG. The association between TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism and BWG was studied, and the effect of non-genetic factors such as baseline BMI, SGA treatment duration and SGA type on the association was controlled by logistic regression. The results revealed that there was no significant association between BWG and TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism (GG/GA/AA or GG/GA+AA) in each separate SGA group or collectively. These findings suggest that TNF-α -308 G>A polymorphism does not play a major role in SGA-induced weight gain.
- SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Despite the burden of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in the Chinese population, country-specific data to guide practitioners regarding antipsychotic therapy are lacking. The primary aim of this systematic review was to examine evidence of the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety of olanzapine in Chinese populations.Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 01/2014; 10:841-864. · 2.00 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Antipsychotic medications are used to effectively treat various symptoms for different psychiatric conditions. Unfortunately, antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG) is a common side effect that frequently results in obesity and secondary medical conditions. Twin and sibling studies have indicated that genetic factors are likely to be highly involved in AIWG. Over recent years, there has been considerable progress in this area, with several consistently replicated findings, as well as the identification of new genes and implicated pathways. Here, we will review the most recent genetic studies related to AIWG using the Medline database (PubMed) and Google Scholar. Among the steadiest findings associated with AIWG are serotonin 2C receptors (HTR2C) and leptin promoter gene variants, with more recent studies implicating MTHFR and, in particular, MC4R genes. Additional support was reported for the HRH1, BDNF, NPY, CNR1, GHRL, FTO and AMPK genes. Notably, some of the reported variants appear to have relatively large effect sizes. These findings have provided insights into the mechanisms involved in AIWG and will help to develop predictive genetic tests in the near future.Pharmacogenomics 12/2013; 14(16):2067-83. · 3.86 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background Previous studies have shown that both severe mental disorders (schizophrenia and bipolar disorder) and atopic diseases were associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome. However, the role of atopy/the predisposition for allergies in the development of metabolic syndrome is still unknown among those with severe mental disorders. Methods Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 5826 patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (1908 with a predisposition for allergies and 3918 without) were enrolled between 1998 and 2008. Those who developed hypertension, dyslipidemia, and/or diabetes mellitus were identified during the follow-up to the end of 2011. Results A predisposition for allergies increased the risk of developing hypertension (HR: 1.67), dyslipidemia (HR: 1.82), and diabetes mellitus (HR: 1.37) in later life among those with severe mental disorders. A dose-dependent relationship was noted between having more atopic comorbidities and a greater likelihood of hypertension (1 atopic disease: HR: 1.60; ≧ 2 atopic comorbidities: HR: 1.87), dyslipidemia (HR: 1.73; HR: 2.12), and diabetes mellitus (HR: 1.26; HR: 1.69). Conclusion A predisposition for allergies was an independent risk factor for hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes mellitus among patients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Further studies would be required to elucidate the underlying pathophysiology among atopy, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and metabolic syndrome.Schizophrenia Research 01/2014; · 4.59 Impact Factor