Presumptive stressful life events scale (psles) - a new stressful life events scale for use in India.

Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College/Rajendra Hospital, PATIALA.
Indian Journal of Psychiatry 04/1984; 26(2):107-14.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Using an open ended question along with Holme's and Rahe's Social Readjustment Rating Schedule on a sample of two hundred adult subjects, a suitable scale of stressful life events experienced by the Indian population was constructed and standardized for two time spaces, that is, last one year and life time. Analysis of various demographic variables for this population revealed no differences on this scale for age, marital state, education and occupation. However, marked sex differences in the perceived stressfulness were observed for three of the items. The scale items were further divided into desirable, undesirable and ambiguous and also into personal and impersonal Categories. Statistically significant difference were observed between the desirable and undesirable items, the latter being perceived as more stressful. Norms for total number of life events experienced as well as the presumptive stress score were established for each event for this population. The frequency of occurrence of each event in our population was also obtained. It was Calculated that individuals in our society are likely to experience an average of two stressful life events in the past one year and ten events in a life time without suffering any adverse physical or psychological disturbance. The scale is simple to administer to literate and illiterate subjects.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Comorbid psychiatric and personality disorders in suicide attempters pose greater estimated risk of suicide than psychiatric disorders alone. The current study aimed to evaluate prevalence and pattern of psychiatric and/or personality morbidity and comorbidity in first-time suicide attempters in comparison to the age and sex matched community sample. Socio-demographic variables, family background, psychiatric morbidity and comorbidity in survivors of first suicide attempt were compared to age and sex matched community controls. Structured (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview plus) and semi-structured (International Personality Disorder Examination) clinical interviews were utilized to evaluate for axis-I and axis-II (personality) diagnosis. Risk-rescue rating was administered to assess medical seriousness of suicide attempt. Individuals who made a first suicide attempt showed significantly lower educational achievement (P<0.0001; OR 1.56; 95% CI 0.89-2.74), but no significant difference in other socio-demographic variables compared to the controls. Cases had high family history of psychiatric illnesses (31% vs. 7%; P<0.0001; OR 5.97; 95% CI 2.48-14.35); high prevalence of psychiatric disorders (89% vs. 25%; P<0.0001; OR 24.27 95% CI 11.21-52.57), personality disorders (52% vs. 24%; P<0.0001; OR 3.43; 95% CI 1.88-6.28), comorbidity of psychiatric and personality disorders (51.6% vs. 19.5%; P=0.022; OR 3.01; 95% CI 1.14-7.92), and high overall prevalence of any axis-I and/or axis-II (personality) morbidity (93% vs. 41%; P<0.0001; OR 19.12; 95% CI 8.05-45.43), compared to controls. Survivors of first suicide attempt are at nineteen times increased odds of having psychiatric morbidity and/or comorbidity, especially with personality disorders. Personality evaluation and management in such individuals may result in better comprehensive approach to health care.
    Asian journal of psychiatry. 10/2013; 6(5):410-6.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Modern life is full of hassles, deadlines, frustrations and demands. Mental stress or psychosocial stress is one of the major risk factor for hypertension which itself is the risk factor for various other cardiovascular diseases.
    Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR. 06/2014; 8(6):JC04-7.
  • Source
    Journal of the Indian Academy of Forensic Sciences 01/2004; 26(2):58-61.


Available from