Pramipexole Reduces the Prevalence of Fatigue in Patients with Parkinson's Disease
ABSTRACT The aim of this multicenter cross-sectional study was to assess the relation between fatigue in a large number of Japanese patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and drugs taken to treat PD.
We used the 16-item Parkinson Fatigue Scale (PFS-16), which was designed to assess fatigue exclusively associated with PD. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to assess the relation between antiparkinson drugs and fatigue in PD.
A total of 350 non-demented PD patients were enrolled. Fatigue (PFS score of ≥4) was revealed in 319 patients (91%). Pramipexole was administered to 24% of PD patients. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the administration of Pramipexole was significantly related to low rates of fatigue in PD patients with Hoehn and Yahr stage <3 (p=0.011, odds ratio=5.23, 95% confidence interval; 1.47-18.63).
The reduced fatigue in PD patients was observed in taking Pramipexole.
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ABSTRACT: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, involving the dopaminergic, noradrenergic, serotonergic and cholinergic systems. In addition to its cardinal motor symptoms, PD is associated with a diverse range of non-motor symptoms (NMS) that may be more important than motor symptoms. Although there is evidence for a dopaminergic contribution for several NMS in PD, NMS have been underrecognized and undertreated by clinicians. There is evidence that dopaminergic therapy, including dopamine agonists, may alleviate some NMS, such as anxiety and depression. This review focuses on published data on the effects of the non-ergoline dopaminergic agonist rotigotine transdermal system in the treatment of NMS in patients with PD. Data on the effects of orally administered non-ergoline agonists, including ropinirole and pramipexole, on NMS are also summarized.Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics 12/2013; 13(12):1329-42. DOI:10.1586/14737175.2013.859986 · 2.83 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Prolonged administration of l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA) for Parkinson's disease (PD) is hampered by motor complications related to the progressive incapacity of residual nigrostriatal neurons to properly utilize the drug. Direct stimulation of dopaminergic (DAergic) receptors with specific compounds (DA agonists) has, therefore, become an additional therapeutic tool for PD. Areas covered: DA agonists have considerable anti-parkinsonian symptomatic efficacy, although they are less potent than l-DOPA. This review summarizes pre-clinical and clinical data on DA agonists and their role in treating PD. Specific focus was put on second-generation, first-line non-ergolinic DA agonists and their motor, non-motor and putative neuroprotective effects. The anti-parkinsonian potential of recently developed DA agonists that reached Phase II and III clinical trials was also addressed. Expert opinion: DA agonists can be useful along the whole natural course of PD, as monotherapy in the initial phase or combined with l-DOPA in advanced PD. Extended-release formulations have been developed for second-generation DA agonists, which are better appreciated by patients. Neuroprotective properties have been proposed for DA agonists, based on pre-clinical studies, but never convincingly demonstrated in patients. New DA agonists, with better symptomatic efficacy and devoid of the side effects that characterize current compounds, are needed.Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs 12/2013; 23(3). DOI:10.1517/13543784.2014.869209 · 5.43 Impact Factor
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