Association of glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 null polymorphisms with the development of cervical lesions: a meta-analysis.
ABSTRACT An accumulation of evidence suggests that gene-based self-susceptibility may contribute to the development of cancer. Some studies have found that particular polymorphisms of the glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 genes are associated with increased risk of cervical lesions, but other studies have had contrary results. The present meta-analysis evaluated the association of glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 null polymorphisms with the development of cervical lesions. In addition, stratified analyses were performed in an attempt to identify any race-specific effects.
Twenty-one related studies were included in the meta-analysis, comprising glutathione S-transferase M1 data from 1423 patients with cervical lesions and 2415 healthy matched controls, and glutathione S-transferase T1 data from 2081 patients with cervical lesions and 2287 healthy matched controls. The fixed-effect model (Mantel-Haenszel method) and the random-effect (DerSimonian and Laird) model were used to examine the difference in frequency of glutathione S-transferase M1 and T1 null polymorphisms between pre- and invasive cervical lesions. Subgroup analyses were also conducted to evaluate any race-specific effect on the frequencies of glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms in cervical lesions. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Heterogeneity was assessed using the heterogeneity metric (I²) and Chi-squared test.
The glutathione S-transferase M1 null polymorphism was associated with increased risk of low-grade intra-epithelial lesions (OR 1.37, 95% CI 1.05-1.77), but no increased risk of high-grade intra-epithelial lesions (OR 1.29, 95% CI 0.87-1.8) or invasive cervical cancer (OR 1.20, 95% CI 0.99-1.46). The association seemed to be confined to Southeast Asians (OR 1.97, 95% CI 1.44-2.71). No significant associations were found for the glutathione S-transferase T1 null polymorphism for any of the populations.
The glutathione S-transferase M1 null polymorphism significantly increases susceptibility to early-stage cervical lesions in Southeast Asians. However, the glutathione S-transferase T1 null polymorphism does not appear to be a risk factor for cervical lesions in any population.
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ABSTRACT: CD95 is the first death receptor identified and characterized in recent years, and it plays important roles in the molecular network regulating cell death and survival. CD95 rs1800682 polymorphism is a common genetic polymorphism identified in the CD95 gene. Many publications evaluated the association between CD95 rs1800682 polymorphism and cervical cancer risk, but the association remained inconclusive. To provide a more precise estimate on the association, a meta-analysis was carried out. The association between CD95 rs1800682 polymorphism and cervical cancer risk was assessed by calculating the pooled odds ratio (OR) with its 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI). On the basis of our inclusion criteria, ten studies with a total of 5,481 individuals were included into the meta-analysis. There was obvious heterogeneity among the included studies. Meta-analysis of the ten studies suggested that there was no association between CD95 rs1800682 polymorphism and cervical cancer risk under all four genetic models (allele model: OR = 1.05, 95 % CI 0.92-1.18, P = 0.478; homozygous model: OR = 1.08, 95 % CI 0.83-1.41, P = 0.550; dominant model: OR = 1.12, 95 % CI 0.88-1.42, P = 0.347; recessive model: OR = 1.00, 95 % CI 0.76-1.31, P = 0.978). Subgroup analysis by ethnicity suggested that there was no association between CD95 rs1800682 polymorphism and cervical cancer risk in Asians, Caucasians, and Africans. Thus, the meta-analysis suggests that CD95 rs1800682 polymorphism is not associated with cervical cancer risk.Tumor Biology 10/2013; · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequencies of GSTT1 and GSTM1 deletion polymorphisms in newly-diagnosed patients with uterine cervical lesions from central Serbia. Polymorphisms of GST genes were genotyped in 97 patients with cervical lesions and 50 healthy women using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The GSTM1 null genotype was significantly more prominent among the patients than in controls (74.2% vs 56.0%), the risk associated with lesions being almost 2.3-fold increased (OR=2.26, 95%CI=1.10-4.65, p=0.03) and 3.17-fold higher in patients above >45 years old (95%CI=1.02-9.79, p=0.04). The analysis of the two genotypes demonstrated that GSTM1 null genotype significantly increased risk only for low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion-LSIL (OR=2.81, 95%CI=1.03-7.68, p=0.04). GSTT1 null genotype or different genotype combinations were not found to be risk factors, irrespective to lesion stages, age or smoking. We found that the risk of cervical lesions might be significantly related to the GSTM1 null genotype, especially in women aged above 45 years. Furthermore, the GSTM1 polymorphism might have greater role in development of early stage lesions.Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 04/2014; 15(7):3201-5. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is increased in chronic kidney disease, owing to an imbalance between the oxidative and antioxidant pathways as well as a state of persistent hyperhomocysteinemia. The enzymes glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) are implicated in the regulation of these pathways. This study investigates the association between polymorphisms in the Glutathione S-transferase Mu 1 (GSTM1), glutathione S-transferase theta 1 (GSTT1), and MTHFR genes and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) of unknown etiology in patients in Mexico. A Case-control study included 110 ESRD patients and 125 healthy individuals. GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes were determined using the multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The MTHFR C677T polymorphism was studied using a PCR/restriction fragment length polymorphism method. In ESRD patients, GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotype frequencies were 61% and 7% respectively. GSTM1 genotype frequencies differed significantly between groups, showing that homozygous deletion of the GSTM1 gene was associated with susceptibility to ESRD of unknown etiology (P = 0.007, odds ratios = 2.05, 95% confidence interval 1.21-3.45). The MTHFR C677T polymorphism genotype and allele distributions were similar in both groups (P > 0.05), and the CT genotype was the most common genotype in both groups (45.5% and 46.6%). Our findings suggest that the GSTM1 null polymorphism appears to be associated with the ESRD of unknown etiology in patients in Mexico.Indian Journal of Nephrology 11/2013; 23(6):438-43.