Functionalized fluorescent gold nanodots: synthesis and application for Pb2+ sensing.
ABSTRACT We developed a novel strategy to prepare functionalized fluorescent gold nanodots (AuNDs) based on a ligand exchange reaction and demonstrated that glutathione modified AuNDs can be utilized for highly sensitive and selective Pb(2+) sensing in aqueous solution.
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ABSTRACT: A highly sensitive and selective colorimetric lead biosensor based on DNAzyme-directed assembly of gold nanoparticles is reported. It consists of a DNAzyme and its substrate that can hybridize to a 5'-thio-modified DNA attached to gold nanoparticles. The hybridization brings gold nanoparticles together, resulting in a blue-colored nanoparticle assembly. In the presence of lead, the DNAzyme catalyzes specific hydrolytic cleavage, which prevents the formation of the nanoparticle assembly, resulting in red-colored individual nanoparticles. The detection level can be tuned to several orders of magnitude, from 100 nM to over 200 muM, through addition of an inactive variant of the DNAzyme. The concept developed here can be applied to the design of nucleic acid enzyme/nanoparticle sensors for analytes that are subject to in vitro selection, and thus can significantly expand the scope of nanomaterial applications and provide a novel approach to designing simple colorimetric biosensors.Journal of the American Chemical Society 07/2003; 125(22):6642-3. · 10.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Prepared within biocompatible poly(amidoamine) dendrimer hosts, blue emitting Au8 nanodots were prepared with fluorescence quantum yields more than 100 times larger than any previously prepared. The strong size-dependent blue emission from these from monodisperse Au8 nanodots was measured to be 41% in aqueous solution and 52% in methanol. These easily prepared, water-soluble, and high quantum yield gold nanodots lend insight into the molecular nature of small metal nanoclusters and may find application as novel biocompatible fluorophores.Journal of the American Chemical Society 08/2003; 125(26):7780-1. · 10.68 Impact Factor
Article: Lead poisoning.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Understanding of lead toxicity has advanced substantially over the past three decades, and focus has shifted from high-dose effects in clinically symptomatic individuals to the consequences of exposure at lower doses that cause no symptoms, particularly in children and fetuses. The availability of more sensitive analytic methods has made it possible to measure lead at much lower concentrations. This advance, along with more refined epidemiological techniques and better outcome measures, has lowered the least observable effect level until it approaches zero. As a consequence, the segment of the population who are diagnosed with exposure to toxic levels has expanded. At the same time, environmental efforts, most importantly the removal of lead from gasoline, have dramatically reduced the amount of lead in the biosphere. The remaining major source of lead is older housing stock. Although the cost of lead paint abatement is measured in billions of dollars, the monetized benefits of such a Herculean task have been shown to far outweigh the costs.Annual Review of Medicine 02/2004; 55:209-22. · 14.60 Impact Factor