Donor-site morbidity of the sensate extended lateral arm flap.

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery, University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery (Impact Factor: 1). 09/2011; 28(2):133-8. DOI: 10.1055/s-0031-1289165
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The free extended lateral arm flap (ELAF) has gained increasing popularity thank to its slimness and versatility, longer neurovascular pedicle, and greater flap size when compared with the original flap design. The aim of this study was to assess the donor-site morbidity associated with this extended procedure. A retrospective study of 25 consecutive patients analyzing postoperative complications using a visual analogue scale questionnaire revealed high patients satisfaction and negligible donor-site morbidity of the ELAF. Scar visibility was the commonest negative outcome. Impaired mobility of the elbow had the highest correlation with patient dissatisfaction. Sensory deficits or paresthetic disorders did not affect patient satisfaction. The extension of the lateral arm flap and positioning over the lateral humeral epicondyle is a safe and well-accepted procedure with minimal donor-site morbidity. To optimize outcomes, a maximal flap width of 6 or 7 cm and intensive postoperative mobilization therapy is advisable.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The lateral upper arm flap (LUAF) was initially described by in 1982 by Song et al. as a simple skin flap, addressing the availability of cutaneous nerves for anastomoses. Katsaros et al., reported the use of a lateral upper arm skin flap, but also considered using it as a composite graft. The LUAF for the oral and maxillofacial reconstruction has several advantages over other flaps, such as constant anatomy, good color match and texture, thin design and plasticity. There is no functional limitation in the donor arm, such as strength and extension, and donor defects can be closed primarily with a linear scar, even when a flap of up to 8 cm in width is taken. For a better understanding of LUAF as a routine reconstructive option in moderate defect of maxillofacial region, the constant anatomical findings must be learned and memorized by young doctors during the specialized training course for the Korean national board of oral and maxillofacial surgery. This article review the anatomical basis of LUAF with Korean language.
    Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 01/2012; 34(4).