Defining the limits of radical cytoreductive surgery for ovarian cancer
ABSTRACT Despite significant morbidity, surgical cytoreduction is the standard of care for ovarian cancer. We examined the outcomes of cytoreductive surgery to determine if there are groups of patients in which the morbidity is so substantial that alternate treatment strategies are warranted.
The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify women who underwent surgery for ovarian cancer from 1998 to 2007. The effect of age, number of radical procedures performed, and clinical characteristics on morbidity and mortality were examined.
A total of 28,651 women were identified. The complication rates increased with age from 17.1% in those <50 years of age to 29.7% in women age 70-79 and to 31.5% in those ≥ 80 (p<0.05). The number of extended procedures performed was also a predictor of morbidity; complications increased from 20.4% for women with 0 procedures to 34.0% for 1 and 44.0% for ≥ 2 procedures (p<0.0001). In multivariable analysis age, comorbidity, and the number of procedures performed were the strongest predictors of outcome. The morbidity associated with additional procedures was greatest in the elderly. Medical complications in women <50 years of age occurred in 10.2% of those who underwent 0 radical procedures vs. 23.7% in those who underwent 2 or more procedures. For women ≥ 80 years, complications were noted in 18.3% for 0 procedures, and 33.3% for 2 or more procedures.
The morbidity of cytoreduction is greatest in elderly women where the effects of age and the number of radical procedures performed have an additive effect on complication rates.
- SourceAvailable from: Giuseppe Comerci
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- "The older patients may have had a lower survival for several reasons, including the coexistence of other pre-existing diseases or the surgeon’s propensity to limit surgery in elderly patients with comorbidities. These findings are in accordance with the literature, where it is reported that elderly women with EOC are less likely to be centralized and to undergo surgery by an oncogynecologist . "
ABSTRACT: Background Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecological cancer. Several hospitals throughout the region provide primary treatment for these patients and it is well know that treatment quality is correlated to the hospital that delivers. The aim of this study was to investigate the management and treatment of EOC in a Region of the North Italy (Emilia-Romagna, Italy). Methods A multidisciplinary group made up of 11 physicians and 3 biostatisticians was formed in 2009 to perform clinical audits in order to identify quality indicators and to develop Region-wide workup in accordance with the principles of evidence-based medicine (EBM). The rationale was that, by setting up an oncogynecology network so as to achieve the best clinical practice, critical points would decrease or even be eliminated. Analysis of cases was based on the review of the medical records. Results 614 EOC patients treated between 2007 and 2008 were identified. We found only 2 high-volume hospitals (≥ 21 patients/year), 3 medium-volume hospitals (11–20 operated patients/year), and 7 low-volume hospitals (≤ 10 operated patients /year). Only 222 patients (76.3%) had a histological diagnosis, FIGO surgical staging was reported only in 206 patients (70.9%) but not all standard surgical procedures were always performed, residual disease were not reported in all patients. No standard number of neoadjuvant chemotherapy cycles was observed. Conclusions The differences in terms of treatments provided led the multidisciplinary group to identify reference centers, to promote centralization, to ensure uniform and adequate treatment to patients treated in regional centers and to promote a new audit involving all regional hospitals to a complete review of the all the EOC patients.Journal of Ovarian Research 03/2013; 6(1):19. DOI:10.1186/1757-2215-6-19 · 2.43 Impact Factor
- Gynecologic Oncology 01/2012; 124(1):5-9. DOI:10.1016/j.ygyno.2011.11.011 · 3.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of 2-deoxy-2-(F)fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for selecting patients with extensive ovarian cancer (OC) for neoadjuvant chemotherapy by evaluating predictors of overall survival in patients with stage IIIC/IV OC. From September 1, 2004, to November 20, 2011, 514 consecutive patients with a pelvic tumor underwent preoperative PET/CT; 179 patients had stage IIIC/IV OC. Patients' characteristics were collected from 153 patients with stage IIIC/IV OC who underwent primary surgery. In 152 patients with stage IIIC/IV OC, clinical predictors and PET/CT predictors of survival were evaluated. Median age was 64 years (range, 38-88 years); 87% (113) of the 153 patients had a performance status of less than 2; 55% (84) of the 153 patients had PET/CT stage III, and 45% (69) of the 153 patients had PET/CT stage IV. Using univariate analysis, incomplete debulking (P = 0.0001), pleural exudates (P = 0.001), postmenopausal state (P = 0.01), WHO performance status greater than 2 (P = 0.01), PET/CT stage IV (P = 0.01), and large bowel mesentery implants (P = 0.02) were statistically significant prognostic variables. Using multivariate Cox regression analysis, incomplete debulking was the only statistically significant independent prognostic variable (P = 0.0001). Median overall survival was significantly longer in the 53 patients with no residual tumor than in the 99 patients with residual tumor (33.3 vs 25.5 months; P = 0.0001) Suggested PET/CT criteria for referral of patients with advanced OC to neoadjuvant chemotherapy are PET/CT stage IV, pleural exudates, and PET-positive large bowel mesentery implants. Evaluation of selection criteria for neoadjuvant chemotherapy should be promoted in prospective clinical trials, with survival as the primary end point.International Journal of Gynecological Cancer 07/2012; 22(7):1163-9. DOI:10.1097/IGC.0b013e3182606ecb · 1.95 Impact Factor