Lentiviral-mediated integrin α5 expression in human adult mesenchymal stromal cells promotes bone repair in mouse cranial and long-bone defects.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Carmel Medical Center , 32000 Haifa, Israel.
Human gene therapy (Impact Factor: 4.2). 09/2011; 23(2):167-72. DOI: 10.1089/hum.2011.059
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Abstract Adult human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) are an important source for tissue repair in regenerative medicine. Notably, targeted gene therapy in hMSCs to promote osteogenic differentiation may help in the development of novel therapeutic approaches for bone repair. We recently showed that α5 integrin (ITGA5) promotes osteoblast differentiation in bone marrow-derived hMSCs. Here, we determined whether lentiviral (LV)-mediated expression of ITGA5 in hMSCs derived from the bone-marrow stroma of healthy individuals may promote bone repair in vivo in two relevant critical-size bone defects in the mouse. In a first series of experiments, control or LV-ITGA5-transduced hMSCs were seeded on collagen-based gelatin sponge and transplanted in a cranial critical-size defect (5 mm) in Nude-Foxn1nu mice. Microcomputed tomography and quantitative histological analyses after 8 weeks showed no or little de novo bone formation in defects implanted with collagen sponge alone or with hMSCs, respectively. In contrast, implantation of collagen sponge with LV-ITGA5-transduced hMSCs showed greater bone formation compared with control hMSCs. We also tested the bone-repair potential of LV-mediated ITGA5 expression in hMSCs in a critical-size long-bone defect (2 mm) in femur in Nude-Foxn1nu mice. Bone remnants were stabilized with external fixation, and control or LV-ITGA5-transduced hMSCs mixed with coral/hydroxyapatite particles were transplanted into the critical-size long-bone defect. Histological analysis after 8 weeks showed that LV-ITGA5-transduced hMSCs implanted with particles induced 85% bone regeneration and repair. These results demonstrate that repair of critical-size mouse cranial and long-bone defects can be induced using LV-mediated ITGA5 gene expression in hMSCs, which provides a novel gene therapy for bone regeneration.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) promotes an abrupt loss of kidney function that results in substantial morbidity and mortality. Considerable effort has gone toward identification of diagnostic biomarkers and analysis of AKI-associated molecular events; however, most studies have adopted organ-wide approaches and have not elucidated the interplay among different cell types involved in AKI pathophysiology. To better characterize AKI-associated molecular and cellular events, we developed a mouse line that enables the identification of translational profiles in specific cell types. This strategy relies on CRE recombinase-dependent activation of an EGFP-tagged L10a ribosomal protein subunit, which allows translating ribosome affinity purification (TRAP) of mRNA populations in CRE-expressing cells. Combining this mouse line with cell type-specific CRE-driver lines, we identified distinct cellular responses in an ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) model of AKI. Twenty-four hours following IRI, distinct translational signatures were identified in the nephron, kidney interstitial cell populations, vascular endothelium, and macrophages/monocytes. Furthermore, TRAP captured known IRI-associated markers, validating this approach. Biological function annotation, canonical pathway analysis, and in situ analysis of identified response genes provided insight into cell-specific injury signatures. Our study provides a deep, cell-based view of early injury-associated molecular events in AKI and documents a versatile, genetic tool to monitor cell-specific and temporal-specific biological processes in disease modeling.
    The Journal of clinical investigation 05/2014; 124(5):2288. · 15.39 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Integrins are cell surface receptors that connect extracellular matrix (ECM) components to the actin cytoskeleton and transmit chemical and mechanical signals into the cells through adhesion complexes. Integrin-activated downstream pathways have been implicated in the regulation of various cellular functions, including proliferation, survival, migration, and differentiation. Integrin-based attachment to the matrix plays a central role in development, tissue morphogenesis, adult tissue homeostasis, remodeling and repair, and disturbance of the ECM-integrin-cytoskeleton signaling axis often results in diseases and tissue dysfunction. Increasing amount of in vitro and in vivo evidences suggest that integrins are pivotal for proper development, function, and regeneration of skeletal tissues. In this paper, we will summarize and discuss the role of integrins in skeletogenesis and their influence on the physiology and pathophysiology of cartilage, bone, and tendon. Birth Defects Research (Part C) 102:13-36, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Birth Defects Research Part C Embryo Today Reviews 03/2014; 102(1):13-36. · 4.44 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Promoting osteoblastogenesis remains a major challenge in disorders characterized by defective bone formation. We recently showed that the alpha 5 integrin subunit (ITGA5) is critically involved in human mesenchymal cell osteoblast differentiation. In this study, we determined the potential of pharmacological ITGA5 activation by a synthetic cyclic peptide (GA-CRRETAWAC-GA) on murine osteoblast differentiation and function in vitro and bone formation in vivo. Peptide-mediated activation of ITGA5 in murine C3H10T1/2 mesenchymal cells resulted in the generation of the integrin-mediated cell signals FAK and ERK1/2-MAPKs. In vitro, peptide-based activation of ITGA5 protected from cell apoptosis but did not affect cell adhesion or replication, while it enhanced the expression of the osteoblast marker genes Runx2 and type I collagen and increased extracellular matrix (ECM) mineralization as also found with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2), a standard bone anabolic factor. When injected on adult mouse cranial bone for 3 weeks, the peptide-mediated activation of ITGA5 increased bone thickness by twofold, an effect also induced by BMP2. Histomorphometric analysis showed that this anabolic effect resulted from decreased cell apoptosis and increased bone forming surfaces and bone formation rate (BFR). We conclude that pharmacological activation of ITGA5 in mesenchymal cells is effective in promoting de novo bone formation as a result of increased osteoprogenitor cell differentiation into osteoblasts and increased cell protection from apoptosis. This peptide-based approach could be used therapeutically to promote the osteogenic capacity of osteoblast progenitor cells and to induce de novo bone formation in conditions where osteoblastogenesis is compromised.
    Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 05/2012; 113(9):3029-38. · 3.06 Impact Factor


Available from
May 23, 2014