The -1123G>C variant of PTPN22 gene promoter is associated with latent autoimmune diabetes in adult Chinese Hans.
ABSTRACT The protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 (PTPN22) gene encodes for lymphoid protein tyrosine phosphatase. Recent studies demonstrated the association between the +1858T, -1123G>C variants of PTPN22 gene and type 1 diabetes mellitus in Caucasian and Japanese populations. This study examined the relationship between the polymorphism of PTPN22 gene and latent autoimmune 1 diabetes in adults (LADA) in Chinese Hans. We studied 229 adult Chinese patients with LADA (LADA group) and 210 healthy volunteers (control group). The -1123G>C and +1858C>T polymorphisms of PTPN22 gene were determined by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Further, genotypic/allelic frequencies and clinical characteristics were compared between two groups. There was a significant difference of frequencies of the -1123G>C polymorphism between LADA and control groups (OR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.24-3.2; P = 0.001). However, no significant differences in the +1858C>T genotypic (CC, CT) and allelic (C, T) frequencies were found. Furthermore, the frequencies of the -1123 GC, CC genotype in male patients with LADA were significantly higher compared with male healthy volunteers (OR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.21-2.26; P = 0.005). The analysis of covariance demonstrated no difference between glycosylated hemoglobin, body mass index, duration of diabetes, C-peptide, and GAD-Ab titer between the group carrying GC/CC and the group without allele C. In conclusion, the -1123G>C promoter polymorphism of PTPN22 gene, but not the +1858C>T variant, is associated with LADA in adult Chinese Hans.
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ABSTRACT: To examine single nucleotide polymorphisms in the protein tyrosine phosphatase N22 gene (PTPN22) and to study their association with Type 1 diabetes in a Chinese cohort. Three hundred and sixty-four young patients with Type 1 diabetes and 719 healthy children were included in this case-controlled study. The genotypes of rs1217385, rs2488457 (-1123C>G), rs1217414, rs1217419, rs3765598 and rs2476601 (1858C>T) in the PTPN22 gene were determined using the SNaPshot method. Alleles, genotypes and haplotype frequencies were compared between patients with Type 1 diabetes and healthy control subjects. The association between single nucleotide polymorphisms and clinical traits/autoantibody status was also analysed. The single nucleotide polymorphism, rs1217419, located in the second intron of the PTPN22 gene was associated with Type 1 diabetes (odds ratio 1.5, 95% CI 1.14-1.97, P = 0.003). An additional single nucleotide polymorphism, rs1217385, was also associated with Type 1 diabetes; however, the association was secondary to that of rs1217419. The previously reported single nucleotide polymorphism that is associated with Type 1 diabetes (-1123G>C) had only marginal association with Type 1 diabetes in our study. A marginal association was also identified between -1123G>C and glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibody positivity in patients with Type 1 diabetes. There was no association between the single nucleotide polymorphism 1858C>T and Type 1 diabetes in our studied cohort. Our study confirmed that PTPN22 is a gene that contributes to Type 1 diabetes susceptibility. The primary association occurs with single nucleotide polymorphism rs1217419 and there is clear heterogeneity of the association between PTPTN22 polymorphisms and Type 1 diabetes in a Chinese population compared with other populations. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Diabetic Medicine 09/2013; · 3.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: Our aims were to evaluate protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22) gene polymorphisms in ulcerative colitis (UC) and explore PTPN22 mRNA levels in colonic biopsies of UC patients in central China. METHODS: A total of 165 Chinese UC patients and 300 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. PTPN22 -1123G/C, +1858C/T, and +788G/A polymorphisms were genotyped by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. PTPN22 mRNA expressions in colonic biopsies and serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined by quantitative PCR and immunonephelometry, respectively. RESULTS: The frequency of C carrier was higher in UC patients than in healthy controls (66.7 vs. 53.3 %, P = 0.005, odds ratios = 1.75, 95 % CI 1.18-2.60) and associated with extensive colitis (P = 0.029). PTPN22 mRNA levels were elevated in UC patients than in healthy controls (P < 0.001). Among UC patients, PTPN22 mRNA expression levels were higher in biopsies of inflamed colonic tissue compared with noninflamed tissue (P < 0.001) and were correlated with CRP levels (r = 0.578, P < 0.001). PTPN22 mRNA expression levels were elevated in extensive colitis compared to proctitis (P = 0.008) and to left-sided colitis (P = 0.029) and were higher in moderate and severe disease than in mild disease (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed the potential association between PTPN22 -1123G/C polymorphism and UC in central China. PTPN22 mRNA levels were highly expressed in UC, especially in active disease, and were correlated with CRP levels, disease location, and disease severity in UC patients.International Journal of Colorectal Disease 03/2013; · 2.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Inheritance of a coding variant of the protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 22 (PTPN22) gene is associated with increased susceptibility to autoimmunity and infection. Efforts to elucidate the mechanisms by which the PTPN22-C1858T variant modulates disease risk revealed that PTPN22 performs a signaling function in multiple biochemical pathways and cell types. Capable of both enzymatic activity and adaptor functions, PTPN22 modulates signaling through antigen and innate immune receptors. PTPN22 plays roles in lymphocyte development and activation, establishment of tolerance, and innate immune cell-mediated host defense and immunoregulation. The disease-associated PTPN22-R620W variant protein is likely involved in multiple stages of the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. Establishment of a tolerant B cell repertoire is disrupted by PTPN22-R620W action during immature B cell selection, and PTPN22-R620W alters mature T cell responsiveness. However, after autoimmune attack has initiated tissue injury, PTPN22-R620W may foster inflammation through modulating the balance of myeloid cell-produced cytokines. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Immunology Volume 32 is March 21, 2014. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/catalog/pubdates.aspx for revised estimates.Annual Review of Immunology 12/2013; · 36.56 Impact Factor